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Sociology - Unit 3, Global Development
A few theorists/theories/key vocab for AQA A Level Sociology Unit 3, Global Development.
Terms in this set (26)
Modernisation Theory (Rostow)
The majority world should follow the minority world, underdevelopment occurs when there is a lack of technology etc., aid and TNCs help promote development.
Neoliberalism (Friedman, Bauer)
Trade crucial to development, not aid, and governments should not get in the way of free trade.
Dependency Theory (Frank)
Rich countries have kept the poorer poor, which began with colonialism, and continues today.
Wallerstein's World Systems Theory
Similar to Dependency Theory, the three types of countries (core, semi-periphery and periphery) exploit each other.
Industrialisation causes ecological damage, so its benefits are only short-term.
Industrialisation has human costs, such as loss of employment and destruction of communities.
Based on Gandhi's ideas of 'moral economics' and small communities.
The Washington Consensus - accepted American/Western ideology
Friedman on globalisation
Positive because less likely to have war if more economic links
Soros on globalisation
Negative as now uncontrolled capitalism, businesses cannot be controlled
Chomsky on globalisation
Negative as less democratic, based on power of the rich
Robertson on globalisation
First person to use the phrase, meaning the world getting smaller
Giddens on globalisation
Local events increasingly influenced by events across the world
Bauer on aid
Counterproductive as countries become dependent
Hayter on aid
Golden carrot with political strings attached
Harrison on education
Uneducated are helpless
Jackson on education
Structural Adjustment Plans hinder
Durkheim and Parsons on education
Important to teach skills
Criticisms of education
Raises taxes (Neo lib), destroys culture (PCAs), and teaching inappropriate to some places and exploitative (Dep Theory)
Population always outstrip food, leads to checks and people should have moral restraint
Neo-Malthusianism (e.g. Ehrlich)
Demand for oil etc., encourages contraception and preserving resources
Bigger populations mean land is used less effectively, but food supply does not determine population
Demographic transition model of population
Thompson and Notestein - levels of development lead to changes in population structures
Overconsumption view of population
Rich world consumes more than its share - 20 per cent use 80 per cent of world's resources
Leonard on gender issues
Women have a 'smaller share of the pie' across the world
Boserup on gender
'development' is actually negative for women
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Sociology A-Level (Global Development)
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