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CSET Social Science
Terms in this set (16)
Surplus production. Specialization of labor which leads to trade. social stratification. central government. Almost always associated with rivers.
Indus Valley Civilization
3000 BC. Largest of ancient civilizations. Used written language. Present day northwest India. Traded with Mesopotamia. 1750 BC was overrun and ended. Invaders, environment, earthquakes etc.
Writing was prevalent. A region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that developed the first urban societies. In the Bronze Age this area included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires, In the Iron Age, it was ruled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires. Assyrians were rather cruel in their conquests.
This early empire has its home along Africa's longest river, with a detailed form of writing. 3000-332 BC. Perfect land for agriculture. Old, Middle, and New kingdoms. Old kingdom had pharaohs. and was the glory days.
An empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC. His conquered foes were allowed to reign as long as they swore an allegiance to his empire.
Known for their culture (such as art, architecture and philosophy). Created democracy. Made up of city-states. Didn't have a large empire or military. Citizenship limited to males all city states had own form of govt. Democratic to dictatorial.
the religious and moral duties of an individual
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society. Balances society as everyone has a role.
Means "Enlightened One." He is said to have renounced his worldly possessions and taught of a way to overcome suffering. Eightfold path.
born a wealthy prince, searched for answers to human suffering, meditated for seven weeks and found the answers, founded Buddhism, known as "the Enlightened One"
Leader of the Mauryan dynasty of India who conquered most of India but eventually gave up violence and converted to Buddhism.
the Chinese dynasty (from 246 BC to 206 BC) that established the first centralized imperial government and built much of the Great Wall
"Noble person"; the refined human ideal of Confucianism
(551-479 BCE) A Chinese philosopher known also as Kong Fuzi and created one of the most influential philosophies in Chinese history.
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
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