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Duke of Parma
the next Spanish leader who arrived in the Netherlands and played on the Dutch religious differences; split their united front
the tradition established by the Tudor dynasty; Elizabeth I made the body important by continuously meeting with them
Abdication (give up the throne of)--1556 after the tiring problems with the French, the Turks, the papacy, and the political issues in Germany
also known as Henry of Navarre; Bourbon dynasty; became king of France after the War of Three Henries; "Paris is well-worth a Mass"
nickname given to Philip II-- cautious-- never delegated his powers to anyone-- afraid that they would make mistakes
Battle of Lepanto
The ______; battle between Philip II and the Turks (1571); major victory for the Spanish-- defeated the great Ottoman Empire-- victory in the Mediterranean
blinded by love; Elizabeth I manipulated him into thinking that once she stablized England, she would marry him; unfortunately in this story, "love" does not conquer all
nickname of Elizabeth I-- never married-- misogyny-- if she married, the king would become the true ruler, not the queen
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