Unit 4: Dates and Facts

Spanish Armada (date)
Peace of Augsburg (date)
Sea Beggars
Dutch "_____;" a.k.a. Dutch Pirates
Sea Dogs
English "____;" a.k.a. English Pirates-- Spanish Armada-- Francis Drake
Duke of Parma
the next Spanish leader who arrived in the Netherlands and played on the Dutch religious differences; split their united front
Parliament Tradition
the tradition established by the Tudor dynasty; Elizabeth I made the body important by continuously meeting with them
Charles V
Abdication (give up the throne of)--1556 after the tiring problems with the French, the Turks, the papacy, and the political issues in Germany
Francis Xavier
major Jesuit-- diffused Catholicism to India and China
Henry II
last strong Valois king
Henry III
killed Henry, duke of Guise; eventually killed by crazed monk---that's not wierd at all
Henry of Guise
killed by Henry III
Henry IV
also known as Henry of Navarre; Bourbon dynasty; became king of France after the War of Three Henries; "Paris is well-worth a Mass"
Prudent King
nickname given to Philip II-- cautious-- never delegated his powers to anyone-- afraid that they would make mistakes
Battle of Lepanto
The ______; battle between Philip II and the Turks (1571); major victory for the Spanish-- defeated the great Ottoman Empire-- victory in the Mediterranean
Philip II
blinded by love; Elizabeth I manipulated him into thinking that once she stablized England, she would marry him; unfortunately in this story, "love" does not conquer all
Virgin Queen
nickname of Elizabeth I-- never married-- misogyny-- if she married, the king would become the true ruler, not the queen
government ruled by religious leaders and laws
Henry VIII
"defender of faith;" denied his annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon by Pope Clement VII