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Use a colon to introduce a list of items, after the formal greeting in a business letter, between hours and minutes in expression of time, and in a title that has specific information about the book.
Write the most effective sentence to express a thought. This prevents wordiness.
Contains two or more independent clauses connected by a comma and a conjunction or a semicolon.
Contains more than one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
Clues in surrounding text that help the reader determine the meaning of an unknown word.
Clause that does not expresses a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence.
A word or group of words that name the receiver of the action. Ex. New Yorkers take the subway.
Expressed indirectly; understand what author is trying to express through his use of words and characters' action.
An alphabetical listing of topics and the page numbers where they can be found in a text. It is usually found in the back of the book.
A word or group of words that tell "For whom am I doing this wonderful thing." It is located between the action verb and the direct object.
A verb form that usually begins with the word "to" and is followed by a verb. "To" is not a preposition when used this way.
A word of phrase used to express emotion. Ex. Hey, how do you like my automatic scanner?
A word or group of words that limit the meaning of another word; describes. Adjectives and adverbs are modifiers.
Atmosphere; overall emotions shown within a story such as happy, gloomy, peaceful, and mysterious.
A fictional tale that explains the actions of gods or heroes or the origins of elements of nature.
A word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence. The most common prepositions are the following: in, on, to, for, from, with, at, of, about, and by.
Pronoun/noun antecedent agreement
Agreement in number and case between a pronoun and its antecedent.
agreement in number between a subject and a verb. If the subject is singular, the verb is singular. If the subject is plural, the verb is plural.
Another name for dependent clause. This type of clause can not stand alone as a complete thought.
Make connection between sentences and paragraphs, giving the paragraph cherence and making it easier to follow. Common transition words are first, next, then, following, also etc.
Every verb has four basic forms called its principal part. Present-sail; present participle-is sailing (always ends with "ing"); past-sailed, past participle-has sailed.
compares 3 or more things ex- Of the entire class, John is the tallest.
adjectives that do not modify a noun separately. In other words, they have to stay together in a particular order. They do NOT require a comma between them
adjectives that could be joined by AND because they describe the noun separately, they require a comma betwen them
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