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Civil Rights A-level Native Americans
Terms in this set (72)
Battle of Little Bighorn
Dawes Severalty Act
Wounded Knee Massacre
Society of American Indians formed
Indian Citizenship Act
Indian Reorganization Act (Wheeler-Howard act)
National Congress of American Indians
Policy of Termination began
American Indian Movement (AIM) established
Seige of Alcatraz
Oneida Vs Oneida and Madison Counties New York
Indian Self-Determination Act
Indian Education Assistance Act
Fisher vs Montana
United states vs Sioux nation
Seminole tribe vs Butterworth
Charrier vs Bell
Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock
Harrison vs Laveen
Occupation of Mount Rushmore
AIM take over Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington DC
Occupation of Wounded Knee
Violence at Pine Ridge Reservation
What did Native tribes want?
- the right to tribal sovereignty
- the right to use their land freely
- the right to live according to their traditional culture
What was the Government's main policy up to 1914?
Name the 5 civilized tribes
Which act of 1830 facilitated Indian removal from east to west?
Indian removal act
Name the states where schools were set up for Native American children
Virginia and Pennsylvania
What was the official name for the Snyder act?
Indian citizenship act
What was set up in 1824 to control Indian affairs?
Bureau of Indian Affairs
How many acres of land would an Indian receive under the Dawes Act?
What was the idea that said God wanted whites to take the land from Indians to make better use of it?
Name the practice of leaving the old and sick behind when tribes moved?
Which tribe made success of farming (sheep/goats)?
Which measure of 1923 attempted to ban further parts of Indian culture?
Which report produced by reformers in 1928 condemned the allotment policy?
What is the alternate name for the Wheeler-Howard act?
Indian reorganization act
Name the hallucinatory drug that was used on the reservations
Whose ideas were watered down to create the Wheeler-Howard act?
Who was president at the time of the Wheeler-Howard act?
How many tribes rejected the Reorganisation act?
What language was used as a code in the Pacific in WW2?
Which group of people were allowed to have reservation land after WW2?
What was the nickname for whiskey?
In what year did Grant's peace policy begin?
At which railway station were a group of 'westernized' Native Americans Shown to promote the termination policy?
Where did Colonel Chivington and his Colorado Volunteers massacre Indians in 1864?
Which state was originally designated as 'Indian Territory'?
Whereabouts was Gold discovered in 1874, disturbing the Sioux Indians?
Name the important Treaty of 1851 that took land from the Indians and set up a reservation next to the Mississippi river?
Which aspect of the Dawes Act was particularly unacceptable to the Cherokees and Iroquois Indians?
The tribes were matriarchal and the land was given to the men
Why were resources not devoted to the return of unallocated land to Native Americans after the Wheeler-Howard act of 1934?
Resources were diverted to the war effort during WW2
Which president signed the Dawes Severalty Act?
Lone Wolf vs Hitchcock 1903 act
It was legal to break previous treaties and take Indian land as Indians were 'wards of state'
Pueblo Indians and their right to manage their land 1913
The court ruled that they were incapable of managing land so they lost lots of land in 1921.
How did the supreme court respond to Indians asking for the vote pre 1939?
They imposed a range of voting qualifications which excluded Native Americans.
Harrison vs Laveen ruling 1948
Sided with the Native Americans when they challenged a decision to allow a council official to refuse to allow them to register to vote.
Oneida vs Oneida and Madison Counties ruling 1974
The court allowed the tribe to have land returned to them
Fisher vs Montana ruling 1976
Tribal courts would decide all adoption issues
United States vs Sioux nation ruling 1980
The supreme court ruled that they should be compensated for losing the Black Hills. They rejected the money in favour of the land being returned.
Seminole tribe vs Butterworth ruling 1982
The tribe were allowed to set up a casino on their land
Charrier v. Bell ruling 1986
Native American remains that were dug up were returned to tribes.
What was the National Congress of American Indians?
Set up in 1944, sought to involve ordinary Indians in legal struggles against assimilation.
What was the Native American Rights Fund?
Set up in 1970 to help take cases to the supreme court over national sovereignty issues.
When was the Dawes act abolished?
When was the Curtis act and what did it do?
said that the 5 civilized tribes would be included in the Dawes act after 1906
How many Indians moved off the plains due to the Dawes act?
What did the Snyder Act do?
Granted citizenship to the Indians who didn't already have it (around 125,00)
When was the Dance order and what was it?
an attempt to stop Pueblo Indians from performing ceremonial dances, it was defeated in congress.
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