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Arts and Humanities
WWI Study Guide, Extra World War 1
Terms in this set (43)
Members of the Allied powers
US, France, GB, Russia
The Great War, The Trench War, War to end all Wars
nicknames given to WWI
Eastern and Western
2 fronts of WWI
country whose borders were on both the Eastern Front and Western Front
airplane, flame throwers, poisonous gas, submarines, tanks, automatic rifles
new inventions used in WWI
terrorist organization that planned the attack to kill the archduke
leader of France
David Lloyd George
Prime Minister of Great Britain
US position at the beginning of the war
Treaty that ended WWI
Treaty of Versailles
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(crown prince) heir to Austrian throne from 1896: assassinated on June 28, 1914 during good-will mission in Sarajevo, Bosnia (Aus-Hung) by Serbians, sparking WWI: caused Germany and other Austro Allies to declare war on Serbia and its allies
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
German military strategy during WWI to avoid a war on two fronts (France to the west, Russia to the east). Concentrated troops in the west to quickly defeat the French, and then, if necessary, rushed those troops to the east to face the Russians before they could fully mobilize.
This was an infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and insanitary conditions. In the trenches men stood for hours on end in waterlogged trenches without being able to remove wet socks or boots. The feet would gradually go numb and the skin would turn red or blue. If untreated, trench foot could turn gangrenous and result in amputation.
A policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries
A political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
Pride for your country
A stronger nation taking over a weaker nation
A temporary peace agreement to end fighting.
A strategy drawn up by Germany to avoid fighting a war on two fronts
unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War I
Allies of World War I
Composed of France, Britain, and Russia, and later Japan and Italy, the Allies fought the Central Powers in World War I. The United States joined the Allies in 1917.
A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
The alliance system in Europe was a major cause of World War 1.
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
A coded message sent by Germany to try to get Mexico to attack the US
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons US decided to join the war.
A deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other.
Dates of WW1
July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Wilhelm II or William II was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918 and cousin the Edward VII.
The longest battle of WWI at a French fort
Versailles Peace Treaty
The Treaty of Versailles (French: Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
German submarine - u boat is short of the German word, Unterseeboot (Under Sea Boat)
was laid out between the trenches to slow down advancing enemy forces
No Man's Land
is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty. The term was originally used to define a contested territory or a dumping ground for refuse between fiefdoms
Germany invaded France through this country, which effectively brought Great Britain into the war.
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