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Sociology Exam 2
Terms in this set (50)
A preindustrial society in which people rely on whatever foods and fibers are readily available in order to live is called a(n):
Hunting and Gathering Society
expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females
The process of learning a new and different set of attitudes, values, and behaviors from those in one's background and previous experience. It may be voluntary or involuntary
A social status one is born with:
When Malcolm X's eighth grade teacher dismissed Malcolm's desire career goal of lawyer and instead suggested he become a carpenter, the teacher viewed Malcolm's race as a (an):
The relative importance of cultural and biological factors in the socialization process is referred to as the debate over
Nature versus Nurture
According to sigmund freud, human development occurs in three states that reflect different levels of the personality. Which is NOT one of the three states?
The sociilization process
Continues throughout the life course
Which of the following is an example of a social institution?
The difficulty that arises when the same social position imposes conflicting demands and expectations is known as
A teacher plans a trip to the theater for a junior high school class. As part of the preparation, the teacher tells students how they should dress and how they will be expected to act inside the theater. This is an example of
According to sociologist Charles Horton Cooley, the _____ refers to the way in which a persons sense of self is derived from the perceptions of others
Looking glass self
Which of the above is considered a total institution
a set of expectations for people who occupy a social position or status
Carols mom asks her to come over for dinner but carol has 3 chapters to read for tomorrows test. Carol is experiencing:
The discovery of feral children is important because they show the relevance of
Social interaction in human development
The _____ is the most important agent of socialization in all societies
An inmate enters prison and is stripped of his/her clothing and advised that from this point on he/she will be referred to only by number. This is an example of
a degradation ceremony
Ray is an African American who is currently enrolled at a four-year university where he is studying social work. Which of the following is his achieved status?
Any group or category to which people feel they belong is called a (an)
When a child experiences extreme neglect during their early years, it is easy to catch up on social development and langaage learning later in life
From a ____ perspective, schools are responsible for teaching students to be productive members of society
What term do sociologists use to refer to an earned social status?
What is this person's master status?
People are more likely to feel empathy towards members of their in-group, but not towards out group members even when groups are assigned arbitrarily
A college law enforcement major watched the behavior of television police detectives with great admiration. These detectives could be considered
a reference group
A domestic abuse counselor fails to listen to an injured woman because the woman has no valid proof of US citizenship. This is an example of
Children whose biological and emotional needs are met in settings characterized by affection, warmth, and closeness see the world
as a safe and comfortable place
Which definition describes the term emotional labor?
The display of only certain carefully selected emotions towards the public, instead of true feelings
A homeless man at the door of a shelter 10 minutes after the deadline for intake. He is refused shelter for the night because he arrived late. Applying the terms for problems that are frequent within bureaucracy, this is an example of
a component of a formal organization that uses rules and hierarchical ranking to achieve efficiency
which sociological perspective emphasizes how societies literally could not operate if massive numbers of people defied standards of appropriate conduct?
Which of these is not an example of a rite of passage?
A weekly religious service
Schools, churches, and corporations are examples of ______ groups
People do not voluntarily become members of __________ organizations
Institutional change is easy to achieve
Most students behave differently in the classroom than they do in their own room or with friends. For most students, the classroom would be considered __________.
Front Stage (goffman)
In psychologist Jean Piagets theory, by the ___ stage, adolescents are able to engage in highly abstract thought and understand places, things, and events they have never seen. They can think about the future and evaluate different options of courses of actions.
As a theorist, Emile Durkheim was most interest in the question:____________________.
What holds societies together?
The bureaucratic tendency toward rule by the few is termed
A society that is primarily concerned with providing services rather than manufacturing goods is called a(n):
The term for compliance in which people follow direct orders from someone in a position of authority
According to freud, "its wrong to steal" is an expression of the
Ferdinand Tonnies used the term ____ to characterize a traditional society in which social relationships are based on personal bonds of friendship and kinship and on intergenerational stability
Sometimes sociology classes produce ____, or a situation where contradictory beliefs require us to change our minds or behavior in order to resolve the conflict
Which of the following is an example of a formal organization?
The general motors corporation
Social control carried out casually by people through such means as laughter, smiles, and ridicule is known as
Informal social control
Our family and close friends are examples of
Wearing a wedding ring proclaims that a person is married, owning a Rolls-Royce announces that one has "made it," and pushing a shopping cart is an indicator that one is homeless. These are examples of __________.
There are different patterns of socialization that are correlated with families of different social classes
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