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83 terms

Module 11

STUDY
PLAY
cyst-, vesic-
sac; cyst; bladder
nephr-, ren-
kidney
pyel-
renal pelvis; urine reservoir in kidney [which passes urine to ureter]
ur-, urin-
urine; urinary tract; urination
ureter-
ureter; tube carrying urine from kidney to bladder
urethr-
urethra; tube carrying urine from bladder to outside the body
uric-
uric acid
aden-
gland
adren-
adrenal gland
hormon-
hormone
amygdal-*, tonsill-
tonsil
lymph-
lymph
lymphatic-
lymphatic system; lymphatic duct
por-
pore; passage
splen-, lien-
spleen
adip-, lip-, steat-
fat
seb-
sebum; fatty secretion [of the sebaceous gland]
crin-
secretion
hidr-
sweat
hist-
tissue [of an animal or plant]
hygr-
moisture
onc-
tumour; swelling; abnormal mass
py-
pus
tox-, toxic-, toxon-, ven-*, venen-, venom-
poison
zym-
enzyme; fermentation
aeti-, eti-
cause
antr-
antrum; cavity
aux-
increase
bar-, bary-
weight; pressure
carcin-
cancer; cancerous [adj. root]
chron-
time
drom-
a running; flow
dynam-
power
helc-
ulceration
hypn-, somn-
sleep
icter-
jaundice
kinemat-, kinesi-, kinema-
movement
later-*
side
sept-*, saept-
septum [a wall that divides two cavities]
all-
other; another; divergent; alternating
anis-
unequal
astr-, aster-
star-shaped
atel-
incomplete
atret-
absence of an opening (to an organ/structure)
brachy-
short
[no CV follows]
brady-
slow
[no CV follows]
idi-
individual; distinct; distinctive; unknown
is-, equ-
equal
[equ- is followed by CV "i"]
lept-
thin
macr-
large; long
megal-
large
mes-
middle
micr-
small
olig-
few; small; scanty
orth-
straight; normal; correct
oxy-*
acute; swift; sharp; sour
[no CV follows]
pachy-
thich
[no CV follows]
pale-
old; ancient
poikil-
mottled; varied; irregular
prosth-, prosthet-
artificial
prot-
earliest; first
pseud-
false; imaginary
schist-, schiz-
split
scirrh-
hard [adj. root]; hard, cancerous tumour [noun root]
scoli-
crooked; laterally curved
sten-
narrow; constricted
tach-, tachy-
rapid
[no CV follows trachy-]
xer-, sicc-
dry
-agogue
agent used to induce (an action);
agent used to induce flow (of a substance or from an organ or tissue);
agent used to induce expulsion (of a foreign body).
(termination)
anti- ... -agogue
[prefix anti-] agent used to suppress (an action);
agent used to suppress flow (of a substance or from an organ or tissue);
agent used to suppress expulsion (of a foreign body)
-auxe, -auxis, -auxesis
enlargement
(termination)
-crine
secretion
(termination)
-elcosis
ulceration (of an organ or structure)
(termination)
-emesis
vomiting (of a substance)
(termination)
-emetic
causing vomiting (of a substance)
(termination)
-emphraxis
obstruction
(termination)
-lepsy
seizure
(termination)
-phyma, -phymata [pl.]
swelling
(termination)
-pore
pore; passage
-toxin
substance poisonous to (an organ or tissue);
poisonous substance present in (a plant or animal)
(termination)
anti- ... -toxin
[prefix anti-] agent used to oppose the substance poisonous to (an organ or tissue);
agent used to oppose poisonous substance present in (a plant or animal)
-uria
condition of the urine; condition of urination; presence of (a substance) in the urine
(termination)
a- ... -uria
[prefix a-] absence of (a substance) in the urine