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HIST 125 EXAM 1
Terms in this set (15)
Who: An agricultural village society with no kings or leaders
What: Fully agricultural village that didn't have a highly stratified society, nor a big gender inequality. meritocracy
Where:East of the Niger River in the heavily forested region of West Africa
When: During 30th century BC, the first existence of of a Neolithic man in Igboland was found.
Significance: Did not create a state system unlike their surrounding neighbors
-An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.
-expeditions ended when Yongle died
-new emperor wanted to invest in Great Wall
-a vast Chinese defensive fortification begun in the 3rd century B.C. and running along the northern border of the country for 2,400 km
-sinocentrism (outsiders were barbarians)
-protection from mongols
-transition from the Middle Ages to modernity, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
-covers 15th and 16th century and into 17th
-manifestation in art, architecture, politics, science, and liturature
-An original document containing the observations, ideas, and conclusions of an individual. Direct connection to the past, presented by someone present or actively participating in the event. Examples include manuscripts, photographs, oral histories, and personal journals.
-the great mortality/ the "sickness"
-population of Europe was 25% less in 1400 than in 1300
-bubonic and pneumonic
-consequences: led to blaming of jews, questioning of religious authority, wages went up cause there were less people
-capital of the Ottoman Empire (present day turkey
-Mehmed the conqueror (ottoman sultan)
-dude conquered Constantinople and brought end to Byzantine empire (1453)
-established Ottoman Empire in Europe and Asia
-"Sovereign of the two lands and the two seas"
-captured Constantinople in 1453 and rename it Istanbul; as a result the Byzantine people flee to Italian City-States which becomes a catalyst for the expansion of language and art
-controlled most of southeast Europe and Western Asia
-france (most of Europe) were scared of them
-got as far as Vienna
great man theory of history
-Theory that history can be largely explained by the impact of "great men", or heroes: highly influential individuals who, due to either their personal charisma, intelligence, wisdom, or political skill utilized their power in a way that had a decisive historical impact
-robert Carlyle (1841)
-The study of "how history works", such as how different people perceive past events and how a source's point-of-view impacts its portrayal of the past.
-how the story of the past has changed overtime
-all about interpretation
Ferdinand and isabella
-reconquista: took back the muslim rule over Spain and claimed it for catholicism
-expelled jews from Spain (plague)
-funded Columbus's journey
-network of communication, migration, trade, disease, and transfer of plants, animals, humans
-started after Columbus's voyage (1492)
- Colonies in which the colonizing people settled in large numbers, rather than simply sending relatively small numbers to exploit the region; particularly noteworthy in the case of the British colonies in North America.
-The most famous Muslim ruler of India during the period of Mughal rule.
-Famous for his religious tolerance, his investment in rich cultural feats, and the creation of a centralized governmental administration, which was not typical of ancient and post-classical India.
-his grandson disagreed
Peter the Great
-(1682-1725) Russian tsar
-He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, -moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
-married children off with western royalty
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