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History 2020 Exam 2 Essays

Terms in this set (5)

The immigration between the late 19th century and early 20th was different from the earlier immigrants with a more diverse group of immigrants entering the U.S.
1. People that came included groups from Southern and Eastern Europe (Italians, Jews, Greeks, and Slavs), Middle East (Armenians) and Japanese from Asia.
2. The people came over to America with the vision of a better life in America in American cities. Some came to escape persecution, crop failure, violence or industrial depression.
3. An overwhelming majority of the immigrants settled in cities in the northeastern and north central states. Irish in New Zealand and Germans in the Midwest. Japanese usually settled in the Western portion. South Eastern was hardly settled by immigrants.
4. How did the immigrants fare? Immigrants of the same group usually clustered together with compatriots. Native Whites thought the immigrant groups as inferior. Immigrants of the same racial group would group up into the same neighborhood to gain support from one another. Some immigrants had it easier such as the Irish because of their population numbers influence. Most immigrants couldn't afford an apartment with one job so the whole family had to take up more than one. They often worked for little pay and lived in unsanitary slums which they often gained diseases from. Some Germans and Scandinavians fared by farming in the Midwest.
5. They allowed for a huge population increase. They increased the gap between the immigrant lower class and the Native Middle and Upper classes. They reshaped political and social institutions. They took up most of the low pay laborous jobs sustaining the economy.