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84 terms

science notes for plants

STUDY
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Do non-vascular plants circulate water? True or false?
False
Do non-vascular plants don't have true roots, stems and leaves? True or false.
True
Do non-vascular plants have vascular tissue? True or false.
false
Do non-vascular plants don't absorb water from cell to cell? True or false.
false
Do foundation plants prevent erosion? True or false.
false
Are vascular plants the biggest group in the animal kingdom? True or false.
true
Do vascular plants have true leaves, stems and roots? True or false.
true
Do vascular plants don't have stems either woody or herbaceous? True or false.
false
Do vascular plants have tube-like structures that provide support and help circulate water and food? True or false.
true
Is it true that spores are much smaller than seeds?
true
what type of plant produces spores?
spore producing plant
is it true that almost all flowerless plants don;t reproduce spores?
false
what's an example of spore producing plant?
mosses and ferns
what type of plant reproduces through seeds?
seed producing plant
Is it not true that seed plants make their own seeds?
false
what are the two major groups come from seed producing plants?
cone bearing and flowering
Is it true that the most diverse group of seed bearing plants is cone bearing?
true
Are most cone bearing plants evergreens?
true
What are conifers?
are trees or shrubs that never have flowers and needlelike leaves.
What is another name for cone bearing plants?
gymnosperms
Is it false that the vast majority of plants are flowering plants?
true
Give examples of flowering plants.
flowers, trees, shrubs, vines, fruits, vegies and legumes
What's the difference from conifers and flowering?
because conifers grow their seeds inside an ovary in the flower
What are seeds that store food in one or two seed leaves are called______.
cotyledons
What is another name for flowering plants
angiosperms
What is the name of a seed leaves with one food storage area and have either three or multiples of three petals.
monocotyledons
How are vascular tubes placed for monocotyledons?
randomly
leaves are long and slender with veins parallel to each other is what?
Monocotyledons
Give some examples of monocotyledons.
grass, corn, rice, lilies and tulips
What is the name of a seed leaves with two storage areas and have four or five or multiples of four or five.
dicotyledons
Leaves are usually wide with veins that branch off each other.
Dicotyledons
How are vascular tubes places for dicotyledons?
arranged in circle within the stem
Give some examples of dicotyledons.
roses, dandelions, maple and oak trees
Is it false that all seed plants have vascular tissue that transport materials throughout the plant?
yes
All seed plants use what to reproduce?
seeds
What do all seed plants have?
roots, stems and leaves
_____ is water and nutrients are carried to the leaves to make food for the plant.
xylem
_______ is when food is made in the plant's leaves, it enters the phloem and travels to the plant's roots and stems.
phloem
_____ are structures that contain a young plant inside a protective covering
seeds
The _____ is a young plant that develops from a fertilized egg ( zygote)
embryo
The ______ protects the embryo and it's food from drying out.
seed coat
The ______ as the embryo begins to grow it uses stored food in the seed until it can make its own food.
stored food
The ________ is the early growth stage of the embryo. Germination begins when the seed absorbs water from the environment.
germination
What capture the sun's energy and carry out photosynthesis
leaves
_________ are structures on the underside of a leaf open and close to allow gasses in and out( when open, carbon dioxide enters and oxygen and water vapor vapor exit)
stoma
What is transpiration?
the process by which plants loose water
What is chlorophyll?
in the chloroplasts traps energy from the sun
what do stems do?
they carry substances between the roots and leaves
What do stems provide?
support and holds up the leaves to absorb sunlight
What do stems contain?
the vascular tissues xylem and phloem
_____ absorb water and nutrients from the soil. It also is anchored to the ground.
roots
What do roots contain?
the vascular tissue xylem and phloem
what is the colorful part of the flower?
petal
What is the leaf like structure that encloses the unopened flower bud?
sepal
What is the male reproductive part of a flower?
stamens
What is the female reproductive part of a flower?
Pistal
What is in the stamens reproductive part?
the filament and anther
What is in the pistal reproductive part?
the stigma, style and ovary
What is the anther?
the knob that produces pollen
What is the filament?
stalk
What is the style?
tube
What is the stigma?
sticky part
What is the ovary?
the very center of the flower
_______ is a plant's growth response toward or away from the stimulus?
tropism
What is hydrotropism?
a plant shows positive hydrotropism when it grows toward water
What is gravitropism?
a plant shows positive gravitropism is when grows toward the gravity of the earth (roots)
What is phototropism?
a plant shows positive phototropism when it grows toward the light
What is Thigmotropism?
a plant shows positive thigmotropism when it moves toward objects that it touches
Give an example of a tuber.
potatoes
Give an example of a bulb.
onions
Give an example of a runners.
strawberries
Give an example of stem cuttings.
pineapples
Give an example of roots.
sweet potatoes
Give an example of leaves.
african violets
What is binomial nomenclature?
Linnaeus classified organisms by using two part names
What is Taxonomy?
the scientific method of how things are classified
What is Linnaeus?
grouped organisms based on observation features
A relationship where at least one organism benefits. Which is what?
symbolic
A symbolic relationship between algae and fungus or bacteria. Which is what?
lichen
When it benefits both which is what?
parasitism
When it don't harm anything benefits from one which is what?
communitism
what does crustose look like?
looks like layers of dead skin
What does foliose look like?
looks like leafs
What does fruitose look like?
looks like little trees