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In the early 1900's as European nations competed for colonies, they created an atmosphere of...
Of the Fourteen Points, the one Woodrow Wilson considered the most important concerned...
The League of Nations
Which body joined the Central Powers because it had fought Russia in the past and feared new aggression?
To ensure production of vital war materials and resolve labor disputes, the government created the
National War Labor Board
A system that prevents one nation from becoming too powerful and dominating others is known as what?
Balance of power
How did Great Britain end up in the war?
Great Britain had pledged to protect neutral Belgium, and when Germany invaded Belgium, Great Britain was drawn in to the war.
How did this new weapon help these soldiers cross the lines?
They crushed the barbed wire, making it easier for advancing troops.
What happened May 7, 1915 off the coast of Ireland?
A British passenger ship, the LUsitanian, was sunk by a German U-boat.
What was the "Sussex Pledge"?
Gernamy promised to warn passenger and merchant ships before they attack.
What did Germany announce in Jnuary 1917?
It was revoking, or ending, the Sussex Pledge, and would sink all merchant ships that sailed to/from Allied Ports.
What was the Zimmerman Telegram?
A secret telegram from Germany to Mexico, trying to urge mexico to go to war against the US. in return, Mexico would get back lost territories of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The Telegram was intercepted by tthe British.
What did the Selective Service Act do?
It established a pool of men eliible for a military draft in the Us.
Why was the convoy system of destroyers necessary?
To stop the Germans form sinking supply ships headed to England.
What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
A Peace trety between Russia and Germany, that took Russia out of WW1.
This treaty allowed Germany to do what?
Move the troops from the Eastern Front, by Russia tto th eWE Western Front, in FRance.
What battle led the Germans to the realization that their country might be invaded?
The Battle of Argonne Forest/
What were the 4 conditions of Wilson's armistice?
1. Accept the terms for peace
2. Promise not to renew hostilities
3. Remove troo[s from Belgium and France
4. Have civilian leaders, not military leaders, negotiate peace.
What was the goal of the Food Dministration?
To enccourage farmers to produce more food and the public to eat less
What was the mission of the Committee on Public Information?
To persuade the American people the war was for democracy and freedom.
How did the Committee on Public Info go about their mission?
They passed out pamphlets, books and new articles they gave govt accounts of the war. they used actors, writers, authors and other to give short speeches to build support for the war.
What is the Great Migration?
The mass movement of the African American population from the rural south to the cities of the north.
What did the Sabotage Act and Sedition Act do?
Made it illegal to say, Print, or write anything that might be perceived as negative toward the govt
Name 2 problems that complicated the search for peace in Europe after WW1?
Social and Political Turmoil.
What did President Wilson hope would help preserve the peace and prevent futre wars?
he League of Nations
Who were the Big Four?
US President Woodrow Wilson, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Premier Georges Clemenceauk and Italian Prime Minisster Vitorio Orlando.
What were the four points of the treaty for Germany?
Germany had to...
1. Accept full responsibility for the war.
2. Pay billions in reparations
3. Disarm totallyy
4. Give up all colonial territories
What happened to Austria-Hungary and Russia because of the treaty?
They were divided up to create new nations and restore old ones.
What happened to President Wilson hope would correct the problem with the treaty?
The League of Nations
What happened to President Wilson on September 25,1919?
He collapsed while giving seeches to rally support for the treaty
What happened to this treaty and its provisions in the Senate in March 1920?
The treaty was rejected
What did the US do in 1921 to the CEntral Powers?
The US signed separeate peace treaties with each Central Powers nation
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