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32 terms

APUSH Court Cases

Important court cases up to 1951
Marbury v. Madison
Judicial review
Fletcher v. Peck
ruled a state law unconstitutional; sanctity of legal contracts
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
sanctity of contracts
McCulloch v. Maryland
The Constitution grants to Congress implied powers for implementing the Constitution's expressed powers, in order to create a functional national government; state action may not impede valid constitutional exercises of power by the Federal government.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Supreme Court has the right to control interstate commerce
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Georgia had no original jurisdiction in the matter, since the Cherokee Nation is a dependent nation
Worcester v. Georgia
Cherokee nation was a "distinct community"; Georgia can't take Cherokee land
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge
states can void contracts when public good/interest is at stake
Commonwealth v. Hunt
unions are legal and not responsible for violent and illegal actions of its members
Prigg v. Pennsylvania
federal officials (not state) are responsible for apprehending fugitive slaves (victory for abolitionists - fewer federal officials)
Dred Scott v. Sanford
slaves are property and can't be taken from owners without due process; congress can't forbid slavery in territories; slaves can be taken into any territory
Ex Parte Merryman
President can't suspend habeas corpus
Ex Parte Milligan
use of military tribunals to citizens when civilian courts are still operating is unconstitutional
Slaughterhouse Cases
dual citizenship (federal and state); 14th amendment only applies to federal citizenship (interstate) and has no control over what states decide
Munn v. Illinois
states can regulate private property for the public interest
Wabash v. Illinois
states can't set interstate railroad rates
Pollock v. Farmers Loan and Trust
income tax is unconstitutional
US v. EC Knight
sugar refining was manufacturing and not trade or commerce
Plessy v. Ferguson
separate, but equal is constitutional
Insular Cases
only Congress decides which rights apply to territories
Northern Securities v. US
dissolved the railroad monopoly
Lochner v. New York
New York's regulation of the working hours of bakers was not a justifiable restriction of the right to contract freely under the 14th Amendment's guarantee of liberty
Muller v. Oregon
Oregon's limit on the working hours of women was constitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment, because it was justified by the strong state interest in protecting women's health.
Hammer v. Dagenhart
Congress does not have the power to regulate commerce of goods that are manufactured by children, and that the Keating-Owen Act of 1916 was therefore unconstitutional
Schenck v. US
Defendant's criticism of the draft was not protected by the First Amendment, because it created a clear and present danger to the enlistment and recruiting practices of the U.S. armed forces during a state of war.
Schechter Poultry v. US
ruled National Industry Recovery Act unconstitutional
US v. Butler
Agricultural Adjustment Act is unconstitutional
Powell v. Alabama
the defendant must be given access to counsel upon his or her own request as part of due process
Korematsu v. US
The exclusion order leading to Japanese American Internment was constitutional
Dennis v. US
no free speech, publication and assembly, if that exercise was in furtherance of a conspiracy to overthrow the government.
Minor v. Happersett
women don't have the right to vote
Sweatt v. Painter
strengthens Equal Protection Clause in 14th Amendment to allow a black to go to school