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Ecclesiology - Ch. 4 The Church as Sacrament of Salvation
Terms in this set (37)
The truth that the Catholic bishops today can trace their authority in a direct line back to the Apostles and ultimately from Christ himself, each consecrated a bishop by another bishop.
A bishop of the highest rank, generally the bishop of an archdiocese.
A larger diocese, under the care of an archbishop, which has an elevated status over the dioceses in its region.
A consecrated successor to the Apostles, usually given charge of the pastoral and catechetical care of a particular jurisdiction, or diocese; he is called to teach, sanctify, and govern the faithful of his own diocese, and also to work together in caring for the worldwide Church.
The definitive list of the books of the Bible, by virtue of having been declared by the Church as inspired by the Holy Spirit; the term also refers to an official law of the Church (canon law).
A bishop or archbishop who has been selected by a Pope to become part of the College of Cardinals and thus an adviser. The main purpose of a cardinal is to serve as a papal elector. Some cardinals lead archdioceses; others serve in the administration at the Vatican.
The official church of the local bishop, his seat of authority, usually located in the city from which the diocese takes its name.
The name given the assembly of people whom God has called together from the ends of the earth. This word has three meanings: the people that God gathers together, the local church (diocese), and the liturgical assembly. Also, the name given to a building used for public Christian worship.
The faithful of the Church who have received the Sacrament of Holy Orders; that is, bishops, priests, and deacons.
The principle that all the bishops of the Church with the Pope at their head form a single "college," which succeeds in every generation the "college" of the Twelve Apostles, with Peter at their head, which Christ instituted as the administrative foundation of the Church.
A new relationship between man and God that has been established in Christ, is communicated through the Sacraments, and also extends a new relationship of men among themselves; it implies a spiritual solidarity among the members of the Church inasmuch as they are members of one Body, united in Christ. It is a translation of the Greek koinonia.
Communion of Saints
The unity in Christ of all those he has redeemed: the Church on earth, in Heaven, and in Purgatory.
A gathering of the world's cardinals in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome for the purpose of electing a new Pope.
A permanent state of life recognized by the Church, characterized by the profession of the evangelical counsels.
Council of Jerusalem
A council of the Church held AD 49 or 50 to decide whether Gentile converts to the Church would have to abide by the Jewish requirement of circumcision. It is the archetype for the later Ecumenical Councils.
a man ordained to share in Christ's mission by assisting bishops and priests in the service of the Church
Deposit of the Faith
The definitive Revelation of Christ given to the Apostles and, through them, to the entire Church as Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition; the heritage of faith handed on in the Church from the time of the Apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed.
The territory and the churches under a bishop's authority
Eastern Catholic Churches
Often called the Eastern Rites of the Catholic Church, any of the various Churches in union with the Pope whose rites, devotions, customs, and culture developed in connection to the lands associated with the eastern half of the Roman Empire (especially centered in Antioch, Alexandria, and Constantinople).
A worldwide, official assembly of the bishops under the direction of the pope.
The assembly of the world's bishops
The proclamation of the Good News of Jesus Christ through words and witness.
A definitive teaching by the Pope when he speaks as pastor of the Universal Church on matters of faith and morals, with the intention of officially teaching a certain truth for all Catholics to believe, which is therefore an infallible teaching; Latin for "from the chair."
The teaching office of all the bishops gathered with the Pope, as happens in an Ecumenical Council, or the Pope alone speaking ex cathedra in an exercise of infallibility.
the order of teaching authority in the Church, given such authority by Christ himself, with the Pope as its head, followed by the bishops, priests, and deacons.
The Sacrament by which men are ordained to the episcopacy, priesthood, or diaconate.
An inability to make errors
In Persona Christi
Literally, "in the Person of Christ"; refers to the fact that by virtue of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, the ordained priest participates in the priesthood of Christ and acts in the place of Christ, particularly in the Mass and in conferring the Sacraments.
The official teaching authority of the church
the formal Profession of Faith recited at Mass
Obedience of Faith
The obligation of the faithful to accept and believe in the authoritative and infallible teachings of the Magisterium.
The teaching office of the bishops in their own dioceses, teaching the same doctrine with moral unanimity, or that of the Pope for the whole Church.
The office of the pope
A defined territorial district within a diocese, with its own church and congregation, which is placed in the care of a priest.
Successor of St. Peter; Bishop of Rome; Supreme Pontiff of the Catholic Church.
One who has received the ministerial priesthood through the Sacrament of Holy Orders. The priest serves the community of faith by representing and assisting the bishop in teaching, governing, and presiding over the community's worship.
Second Vatican Council
The most recent of the Ecumenical Councils of the Catholic Church, held in Rome in 1962-65. It produced documents and teachings on a wide range of concerns, including the nature of the Church, the role of the laity, the liturgy, and the Church's relationship with other faith traditions.
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