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Governement and Economics Chapter 3 Terms
Terms in this set (35)
Structure of the Constitution
preamble, articles, and amendments
states why the constitution was written
6 purposes of the constitution
to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty.
7 divisions of the constitution. Each article covers a general topic.
establishes the legislative branch
establishes the executive branch
establishes a supreme court to head the judicial branch.
the authority of the supreme court and other federal courts to rule on cases.
explains the relationship of the states to one another and to the national government.
spells out the ways that the constitution can be amended.
contains the supremacy clause.
establishes that the constitution, laws passed by congress, and treaties of the US shall be the supreme law of the land.
addresses ratification and declares that the constitution would take effect after it was ratified by nine states.
changes; 27 amendments; provides a way that the constitution can remain responsive to the needs of a changing nation.
6 major principles of the constitution
popular sovereignty, federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, and limited government.
rule by the people
power is divided between national and state governments
separation of powers
each branch has its own responsibilities; the founders hoped to prevent any branch from gaining too much power
checks and balances
each branch of government exercises some control over the others. example: congress passes laws, and the president can check congress by vetoing its legislation.
the power of the courts to declare laws and actions of local, state, and national governments invalid if they violate the constitution.
the constitution limits the actions of government by specifically listing powers it does and does not have. Example: the first ten amendments set limits of freedom of expression, personal security, and fair trials.
3 branches of government
legislative, executive, and judicial branch
2 houses of congress
senate, and house of representatives
house of representatives
voice of the people
represents the broad interests of entire states
powers of the president
four year term, appointment of powers, control of the armed forces, and foreign policy decisions
Why did the constitution specifically describe the powers of congress, but remain vague about the powers of the president?
the founders feared the abuse of power since that was the only branch making laws. They were aware that legislatures with unchecked powers could make repressive laws and endanger liberty. Therefore, the powers they gave congress were expressed powers.
powers directly stated in the constitution.
the powers of congress that were itemized in article I section 8 that were numbered 1-18.
powers listed in the enumerated powers
5 enumerated powers had to deal with economic legislation. (levy taxes, borrow money, regulate commerce, coin money, and to punish counterfeiting).
7 enumerated powers provide for defense. (punish piracies, declare war, to raise and support the armed forces, to provide a navy, to regulate the armed forces, to call forth the militia, and to organize the militia.
the other ones are (neutralizing citizens, establishing post offices, securing patents and copyright, establishing courts, and governing the district of columbia.
the final enumerated power
it is called the elastic clause. It gives congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in the other clauses of article I.
Chief functions of the 3 branches of government?
The legislative branch makes the laws, the executive branch enforces the laws, and the judicial branch interprets the laws.
why did the founders give vague constitutional powers to the president?
they needed a strong executive to carry out the acts of congress, they distrusted direct citizen participation in decision making. It is often called the "wild card" meaning that the executive power is invested in the president.
It make up all of the executive branch employees.
2 different systems of courts
federal courts, whose pwers derive