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Flashcards to help study for the IAAP CPACC exam
Terms in this set (102)
Name a disability that might not be obvious to an observer
Dyslexia, hearing loss, seizure disorder
What is the medical model of disability?
The medical model of disability focuses solely on the biological aspects of disability.
What disability model says that disability is an issue with inaccessible environments rather than people ?
What's a weakness of the social identity model?
People might like this model because they feel excluded from society.
What's a pro of the functional solutions model?
It looks for helpful and realistic ways to solve problems
What is the charity model?
The idea that people with disabilities are the victims of unfortunate situations and deserve special treatment.
What is a pro of the medical model?
It's based on clearly defined factual information
What are the weaknesses of the medical model?
Very specific definitions can be an issue when some people don't fit into a box and might miss out on benefits or assistance that they need. It also overlooks the need for accessible environments because of its focus on the individual. And it can give a person an "other" label.
What's the social model?
The idea that disability is a function of how a person interacts with their environment. If things were designed in an accessible way, then a disability wouldn't be a barrier.
What's a pro of the social model?
It empowers people with a disability by putting the need for change on the environment instead of the person. It could indirectly influence designers and architects to create a more usable world.
What are weaknesses of the social model?
It can make a disability seem impersonal, and some people with disabilities feel like their disability is an important part of themself. It also de-emphasizes the reality that people with disabilities can face.
What is the functional solutions model?
It identifies the functional impairments of a person and looks for ways to create and innovate new ways to help people interact with their environment.
What is a weakness of the functional solutions model?
The search for a specific way to solve a problem might mean that a broader way to solve the problem is overlooked.
What are three types of visual disabilities?
Blindness, low vision, color blindness
What are five types of mobility disorders?
Manual dexterity/fine motor control, ambulation, muscle fatigue, body size, body shape and form
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