Pharmacology - Ch 2 Drug Classes and Schedules
Terms in this set (43)
Four methods of grouping drugs
-teratogenic risks in pregnancy
Organizing drugs based on their therapeutic usefulness in treating particular diseases is referred to as ____.
A ____ refers to the way a drug works at the molecular, tissue, and body system levels.
A therapeutic classification states what a particular drug does ____.
A pharmacologic classification addresses a drug's ____, or how a drug produces its physiological effect in the body. (how something is controlled)
mechanism of action
A drug's pharmacologic classification is more ____ than a therapeutic classification and requires a more ____.
in depth understanding of biochemistry & physiology
A _____ drug is the well understood drug model with which other drugs in its representative class are compared.
The three basic types of drug names are ___, ____, and ____.
A ____ name is assigned using standard nomenclature established by the IUPAC.
The ____ name of a drug is assigned by the US Adopted Name Council.
There is ___ generic name for each drug.
A drug's ____ name is assigned by the company marketing the drug.
The trade name is sometimes called the ___ or ____ or ____name.
In the US, a drug developer is given exclusive rights to name and market a drug for ___ years after a new drug application is submitted to the FDA.
The active ingredients in a drug are described by their ____ name.
The generic name of a drug is usually ____, whereas the trade name is ____.
The physiological ability of the drug to reach its target cells and produce its effect is called the ____.
Bioavailability may be affected by ___ and ____.
A ____ is a list of trade name drugs that pharmacists may not dispense as generic drugs.
negative formulary list
____, a subdiscipline of health economics deals with decision making relative to proper drug choices.
____ refers to the overwhelming feeling that drives someone to use a drug repeatedly.
____ is defined as a physiological or psychological need for a substance.
Physical signs of discomfort (physical dependence)
Psychologically dependent, the individual feels an intense compelling desire ____.
to continue drug use
Drugs that have a significant potential for abuse are placed into five categories called ____.
Scheduled drugs are classified according to their potential for abuse:
See page 15.
Potential for Physical Dependency
Potential for Psychological Dependency
heroin, marijuana, ectasy
methadone, oxycodone, amphetamine, methamphetamine, cocaine
products containing not more than 90 mg of codeine
cough preparations containing not more than 200 mg of codeine per 100 mL or per 100 g
Schedule I drugs are used for ____.
research purposes only
A ____ is a drug whose use is restricted by the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 and later revisions.
Hospitals and pharmacies must register with the ____ and then use their assigned registration numbers to purchase scheduled drugs.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
A ____ is a substance that has the potential to cause a defect in an unborn child during pregnancy.
Category ____ is the safest group of drugs while Category ____ poses the most danger to the fetus.
Birth defects are most probable in the ____ trimester.
What is the difference between therapeutic and pharmacologic classifications?
The therapeutic classification organizes drugs based on their therapeutic usefulness in treating particular diseases.
The pharmacologic classification refers to how an agent works at the molecular, tissue, and body system levels.
Ex: beta-adrenergic blocker - pharmacologic class
oral contraceptive - therapeutic class
folic acid antagonist - pharmacologic class
laxative - therapeutic class
What is a prototype drug and how does it differ from other drugs in the same class?
Prototype drugs exhibit typical features of drugs within a specific class. By learning the characteristics of the prototype drug, students may better anticipate the actions and adverse effects of other drugs in the same class.
What are the advantages of a generic drug over a trade name drug?
-cost savings to the patient
-the name will remain the same, regardless of which company makes the drug
What is the disadvantage of a generic drug over a trade name drug?
inert ingredients may be different and may affect the ability of the drug to reach the target cells and produce an effect
Why are certain drugs place in schedules?
drugs are placed in schedules because of the potential for abuse
What does the nurse need to know when a scheduled drug is ordered?
-the level of potential for abuse
-has to maintain records for all quantities
-the higher the abuse potential, the more restrictions placed on the prescriber and filling of refills
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