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The July Crisis
crisis started with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and ultimately spiraled into WWI
Battle of the Marne
the most strategically important battle of WWI, started the tactic of trench warfare. Germany vs. Britain and France
this type of warfare was introduced in the battle of the Marne, where troops literally dug themselves in the ground
the Allies attempted a land invasion at this peninsula in April 1915, the Turks defended the coast and the Allies were defeated
a German attack on this French stronghold, this place became a symbol of France's strength, they would defend at all costs
a British offensive against Germany at this place, British were bombarded by wire and machine gun fire
British commander in Egypt and Palestine, he led a multi-nationality army against the Turks
A British officer who popularized Arab's guerilla actions, he is entered in popular mythology as "Lawrence of Arabia"
this was a rebellion that broke out on Easter Sunday of 1919 in Dublin and was quickly crushed by the British
a revolt that began on women;s day, February 23, where Russian citizens demanded food, fuel, and political reform
leader of the bolshevik splinter party in Russia, he was a young dedicated revolutionary. His real name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov
October 1917 uprising in russia led by lenin and the Bolsheviks to overthrow the provisional Russian government, withdrew Russia from WWI, establish one-party Bolshevik state
this was a treaty between Russia's new Bolshevik government and Germany. Russia ceded mass territory
this treaty ended WWI, it forced Germany to pay reparations and to give up its colonies to the victors
League of Nations
international organization founded after WWI to solve international disputes through arbitration, one of Wilson's 14 Points, it was dissolved in 1946
grounded in three assumptions, provoking another war was unthinkable, Germany had been mistreated at Versailles and grievances should be acknowledged, and many of the people for this were anticommunist
Spanish Civil War
this civil war was started due to the weak government's inability to overcome opposition. Many European countries intervened and Franco won in the end
1938 conference between Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier, and mussolini. Here they bargained out a major piece of Czech
French port on the English channel where France and Britain retreated after heavy losses against German military
British prime minister after Chamberlain, he spoke words of courage and defiance when public needed it most
used by the US and Britain, they strategically planned where to drop bombs for best effect without killing too many citizens
russian capital under Stalin, when it was under Lenin it was Leningrad. Site of decisive Russian victory
Russian general who launched major offensive in the Ukraine, he ground down German resistance in Poland
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