Upgrade to remove ads
Ch. 5 Biomes & Ecosystems
5-1 Land Biomes, 5-2 Aquatic Ecosystems, 5-3 How Ecosystems Change- Vocab & Terms
Terms in this set (46)
the study of life/living things.
any living thing.
an area's weather conditions (temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind, etc.) over a long period of time.
all of the different kinds of organisms (living things) in a habitat, ecosystem, or biome.
the living or once living factors in the environment.
the non-living (never was) factors in the environment.
a geographic area on Earth that contains ecosystems with similar biotic and abiotic features.
a community of living organisms (biotic) and the non living factors (abiotic) in a particular environment.
biome that receives very little rain and plants and animals that are adapted to prevent water loss.
also called prairies and savannas. Grazing animals are common. Have a wet and dry season. Many important crops grow here.
northern hemisphere forest biome consisting mostly of cone-bearing evergreen trees like spruce, pine, and fir. Long, cold winters and short summers.
region of Earth between the tropics and the polar circles.
cold, dry, and treeless biome that has a layer of permanently frozen soil (called permafrost).
the place where an organism lives that meets its basic needs (food, temp., living space, mates, etc).
tropical rain forest
grow near the equator- receive large amounts of rain and have dense growths of tall, leafy trees. Warm and wet all year; shallow soil; high biodiversity.
temperate rain forest
grow between the tropics and the poles and have relatively mild climates. Winters are mild and rainy, summers are cool and foggy, rich moist soil.
temperate deciduous forest
grow between the tropics and the poles and have many trees that lose their leaves in the fall. Summers are hot and humid; winters are usually cool or cold.
Relating to the Earth or to land.
relating to a water organism or a water environment
freshwater ecosystems of standing water that are usually shallow and warm. Most are shallow enough so that light can reach the bottom.
freshwater ecosystems of standing water that are relatively large and deep. The deeper areas are usually dark and cold.
freshwater ecosystems that form from underground sources and are usually narrow, shallow, and fast moving.
freshwater ecosystems that form when water flows together. They is usually relatively large, deep, and slow moving with high levels of nutrients.
very large salt-water ecosystem that extends from the continental shelf to the deepest parts of the ocean. Contains the sunlight, twilight, and dark zones.
contains several ecosystems including the continental shelf and intertidal zones. Organisms living in the intertidal zone must be able to withstand extreme changes during tides.
high biodiversity shallow water tropical ecosystems based in and around underwater structures made from skeletons of tiny, soft-bodied animals.
region along a coastline that forms where streams or rivers flow into a body of salt water. High biodiversity due to high nutrient levels. They help filter and purify the water.
area of ocean shore between the lowest low tide and the highest high tide.
the amount of salt dissolved in water.
aquatic ecosystems that has a thin layer of water covering soil most of the time. They form in low areas, coasts, and along the edges of lakes and ponds. They can contain fresh water, salt water, or both. They help purify and filter the water.
the process of one ecological community gradually changing into another.
the natural change in an area with little or no soil, such as on a lava flow, a sand dune, or even exposed rock.
change in areas where existing ecosystems have been disturbed or destroyed. Some or all soil is still intact.
the first organisms are species that colonize a new or undisturbed land area.
a stable community that no longer goes through major ecological changes.
organisms that are a symbiotic relationship between and algae and a fungi; many are pioneer species
the process by which a body of water becomes nutrient rich, stimulating the growth of algae and other microscopic organisms.
an organism's surroundings.
the specific place where an organism lives
a community of living things (the biotic parts) together with the nonliving (abiotic) parts of the environment.
the natural, predictable change that takes place in freshwater ecosystems over time.
all the organisms that live in one area at the same time.
the Latin word for water, the sea, rain.
the small particles that form from the weathering and chemical action on rock surfaces.
the breakdown of biotic material after death.
from Greek; means nourishing.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
5-1 Land Biomes
5-2 Aquatic Ecosystems
5-3 How Ecosystems Change- Vocab & Terms
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Biology Chapter 4
Biomes and Ecosystems
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
NOS 2 Lab Equipment Practice
NOS 1: UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE (v. 2)
Marathoner Intro Practice Set
Short Soil Reading- Glossary