APUSH Unit 8 (World War II Era)
Terms in this set (107)
taciturn, pro-business president (1923-1929) who took over after Harding's death, restored honesty to government, and accelerated the tax cutting and antiregulation policies of his predecessor; his laissez-faire policies brought short-term prosperity from 1923 to 1929.
fought in Italy in 1917. He later became a famous author who wrote "The Sun Also Rises" (about American expatriates in Europe) and "A Farewell to Arms." In the 1920's he became upset with the idealism of America versus the realism he saw in World War I. He was very distraught, and in 1961 he shot himself in the head.
One of the founders of the modern American birth control movement. Her work as a nurse showed her the horific effects of the misinformation and ignorance from middle class women during the progressive era. She published the latest studies in her magazine "The Woman's Revolt" and the pamphlet, "Family Limitations" showing women the separation between sex and procreation. She founded the American Birth Control League in 1921 which would become Planned Parenthood in 1942.
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
Catholic priest in Michigan (1930) slogan of Social Justice, anti New Deal, anti semitic, fascist. had a popular radio show. he called for heavy taxes on the wealthy and nationalization of the banking system
F. Scott Fitzgerald
John T. Scopes
Franklin D. Roosevelt
John L. Lewis
Dwight D. Eisenhower
"Merchants of Death"
America First Committee
Congress of Industrial Organizations
War Production Board (WPB)
National War Labor Board (NWLB)
Far Employment Practices Committee (FEPC)
The "Three R's"
"Cash and Carry"
Buying on Margin
Florida land boom
Court packing scheme
Good Neighbor Policy
Agricultural Marketing Act
Federal Housing Authority (FHA)
National Recovery Act (NRA)
Social Security Act
Schechter v. US
Public Works Administration (PWA)
Hitler-Stalin Non Aggression Pact
"Four Freedoms" Speech
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
National Labor Relations Board
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
Spanish Civil War
"Arsenal of Democracy" Speech
FDR's promise to help the British fight against Nazi Germany; US provided support but didn't participate until the bombing of Pearl Harbor
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
the US Air Force and the British Air Force bombed Dresden to the ground; it was the only place not bombed yet and contained a lot of industrial factories that generated supplies for the German Army
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
US v Butler
a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional. Justice Owen Josephus Roberts argued that the tax was "but a means to an unconstitutional end" that violated the Tenth Amendment
Civilian Conservation Corps
Relief: (CCC) March 31, 1933; reduced poverty/unemployment, helped young men and families; young men go to rural camps for 6 months to do construction work; $1/day; intended to help youth escape cities; concerned with soil erosion, state/national parks, telephone/power lines; 40 hr weeks
The speech was an act of condemnation of Japan's invasion of China in 1937 and called for Japan to be quarantined. FDR backed off the aggressive stance after criticism, but it showed that he was moving the country slowly out of isolationism.
Jan. 14-23, 1943 - FDR and Chruchill met in Morocco to settle the future strategy of the Allies following the success of the North African campaign. They decided to launch an attack on Italy through Sicily before initiating an invasion into France over the English Channel. Also announced that the Allies would accept nothing less than Germany's unconditional surrender to end the war.
nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Immigration Quota Act
This was passed in 1924 which cut quotas for foreigners from 3 % to 2% of the total number of immigrants. The main purpose was to freeze America's existing racial composition which was largely Northern European. It also prevented Japanese immigration which led to fury in Japan.
Emergency Quota Act
A government legislation that limited the number of immigrants from Europe which was set at 3% of the nationality currently in the U.S. It greatly limited the number of immigrants who could move to the U.S. And it reflected the isolationist and anti-foreign feeling in America as well as the departure from traditional American ideals.
Teapot Dome Scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
Farm Relief Bill
a series of complicated measures designed to prop up and stabilize farm prices; government bough surplus and stored them until prices rose or sold them on the world market; vetoed by President Coolidge
Reconstruction Finance Corp
gave 2 billion to states, banks, and insurance companies for self liquidating projects. Plan worked but 2 billion wasnt enough
incident in which Japan invaded China, and America stood by the side and watched it happen remaining neutral.
(FDR) December, 1943, a meeting between FDR, Churchill and Stalin in Iran to discuss coordination of military efforts against Germany, they repeated the pledge made in the earlier Moscow Conference to create the United Nations after the war's conclusion to help ensure international peace
fear of Japanese-Americans as traitors, sent off (by law) to internment camps; removal of deemed threats in military areas
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
two periods of time, in the 1920s and 1950s, in which Americans feared the growth of communism. These suspicions led to tests of the civil liberties of people under the Constitution.
the means of enforcing Prohibition
Muscle Shoals Bill
designed to dam Tennessee River; Hoover doesn't like it, he didn't want government selling electricity alongside private companies; FDR does it when he's president
The American plan to loan money to Germany, who would pay their reparations to France and Britain, who would pay back their debt to America, which created a win-win for everyone, and made they people happy and thought that peace was possible
Five Power Treaty
(1922) treaty resulting from the Washington Armaments Conference that limited to a specific ratio the carrier and battleship tonnage of each nation. It created a moratorium for 10 years, during which no battleships would be built. The countries agreed to refrain from further fortification of their Pacific Possessions. The five countries were: US, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy
established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and included banking reforms, some of which were designed to control speculation
This said that the United States would not recognize any territorial acquisitions that were taken over by force. (This doctrine is related to Japanese aggression in Manchuria in 1931)
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Master 1,000 Words in English
APUSH Unit 7 Parts 4 & 5 KTPTK
APUSH Vocab: The New Deal and World War II
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
United States Select Landmark Cases
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APUSH - Chapter 23 - The New Deal
US History - Chapter 25
APUSH The American Pageant Ch. 34 Key Terms