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Ap Euro Key People
Terms in this set (26)
French man who gave expression to the Renaissance preoccupation with political power. Wrote The Prince. Believed a ruler should behave on Christian moral principals and understanding of the human nature.
(Holland) Christian humanist. Wrote Handbook of the Christian Knight and The Praise of Folly. Wanted to reform the church and thought Christianity ("the philosophy of Christ") was the direction of daily life.
German, struggled with the sacrament of penance (confession). Wrote the 95 Theses = indulgences cannot be sold. 'You can never do enough good work to merit salvation.'
Protestant reformer. Wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion and the Ecclesiastical Ordinances. Two sacrements = baptism and Lord's Supper. Theory of predestination.
Michel de Montaigne
writer of the French Renaissance. Father of Modern Skepticism. Wrote Essais.
Polish mathematician. Heliocentric conception. Wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. Thought Ptolemy's geocentric theory was too complicated.
Mathematician and astronomer. Publish 3 laws: 1) orbits are elliptical 2) Speed of planet is faster when by the sun 3) eliminated uniform circular motion
First European to make observations of the heavens. Wrote The Starry Messenger and Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems: Ptolemaic and Copernican. Theory- a body in motion stays in motion.
Invented calculas. Wrote Principia = Mathematical Principals of Natural Philosophy. Three laws of motion = law of gravitation and world-machine.
Wrote The Great Instauration. Correct scienctific method = inductive principles. He rejected Copernicus and Kepler and misunderstood Galileo.
Wrote the Discourse on Method. Deductive reasoning = observations, experiments, and proof.
Wrote Levianthan. Associated with the state's claim to absolute authority over its subjects, animalistic instincts.
Wrote Two Treatises of Government. Against absolute rule of one man. Wants to live in state of equality and freedom.
Wrote Philosophical Letters on the English and Treatise on Toleration. Associated with deism.
Wrote Discourse on the Origins of the Inequality of Mankind and The Social Contract and Emile. Romanticism
Wrote Wealthy of Nations. Mercantilism. State shouldn't intervene with economic matteres.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
Gothic literature and wrote Frankenstein
Conservatism. Wrote Reflections on the Revolution in France, society is a contract and sudden change is unacceptable.
John Stuart Mill
Wrote On Liberty = liberty of individual. and On the Subjection of Women = women's rights.
Wrote the Communist Manifest = workers overthrow bourgeois and Das Kapital = political economy
natural selection = On the Origin of Specied by Means of Natural Selection and The Descent of Man. Organic evolution = 'struggle for existence'
Wrote The Interpretation of Dreams = psychoanalysis. Ego, superego, id.
Relativity theory. "The ElectroDynamics of Moving Bodies"
Glorrified irrational. "God is dead". Condemned democracy social refor and universal suffrage
Existentialism. "World absurd and without meaning, our source of hope = themselves"
Existentialism. "Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself, such a first principle of existentialism."