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94 terms

Chapter 17 The Eye

STUDY
PLAY
blephar/o
eyelid
conjunctiva
mucous membrane covering the anterior surface of the eyeball
core/o
pupil of the eye
cornea
the outer wall of the eye
dacry/o
tears
dacryocyst/o
lacrimal sac
irid/o
iris
ocul/o
eye (oc)
ophthalm/o
eye (op)
opt/o
light
palpebra
eyelid
phak/o
lens (ko)
phac/o
lens (co)
retin/o
retina
scler/o
sclera
uve/o
middle layer of the eye containing muscles and blood vessels
-opia
a condition of the eye
optometry
examining eyes for impaired vision or disorder
optometrist
"measures" a patient's ability to see
ophthalmologist
Can prescribe corrective lenses
optician
Makes eye glasses according to a prescription from an opthalmologist or optometrist
fibrous tunic, vascular tunic, neural tunic
The three outer layers of the eyeball
fibrous tunic
connects the eye to muscles
cornea, sclera
What does the fibrous tunic contain?
uvea
The vascular tunic is also known as the?
iris, blood vessels
The vascular tunic contains what?
retina, nerves, photoreceptors
The neural tunic contains what?
rods, cones
Two types of photoreceptors
Cones
Receive photons traveling opposite to the direction one is looking
Rods
Receive photons that strike the eye from the side
cones
Photoreceptors that enable us to see in full color
ECCE
extracapsular cataract extraction
EOC
extraocular movement
ERG
electroretiongraphy
ICCE
intracapsular cataract extraction
IOP
intraocular pressure
OD
Right eye
OS
Left eye
OU
Both eyes
PVD
Posterior vitreous detachment
aphakia
without a lens
astigmatism
fuzzy vision caused by an irregular shape of the eyeball
blepharectomy
surgical removal of part or all of an eyelid
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelid
blepharochalasis
relaxation of the eyelid
blepharoconjunctivitis
inflammation of the palpebral conjunctiva
blepharoplasty
surgery to correct a defective eyelid
blepharoplegia
paralysis of an eyelid
blepharospasm
involuntary contraction of the eyelid
blepharotomy
surgical incision of an eyelid
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva
conjunctivoplasty
surgery on the conjunctiva
coreoplasty
surgical repair of the pupil
dacryocele
lacrimal sac filled with fluid
dacryocystalgia
pain in the lacrimal sac
dacryocystotomy
incision into the lacrimal sac
dacryolith
a stone in the lacrimal duct
dacryorrhea
excessive secretion of tears
emmetropia
normal vision
hyperopia
farsightedness
iridocele
hernia of the iris
iridomalacia
softening of the iris
iritis
inflammation of the iris
lacrimation
synonym for dacryorrhea
lacrimotomy
synonym for dacryocystotomy
myopia
nearsightedness
oculodynia
pain in the eyeball
oculopathy
eye disease
ophthalmolith
synonym for dacryolith
ophthalmomalacia
softening of the eyeball
ophthalmoscope
device for examining the interior of the eyeball by looking through the pupil
ophthalmoscopy
examination of the eye with an ophthalmoscope
phacocele
hernia of the lens
phacolysis
operative removal of the lens in pieces
phacomalacia
softening of the lens
presbyopia
farsightedness resulting from loss of elasticity in the lens
retinectomy
surgical removal of part of the retina
retinitis
inflammation of the retina
retinopathy
disease of the retina
retinopexy
procedure to repair a detached retina
retinotomy
an incision through the retina
scleroiritis
inflammation of the sclera and iris
scleromalacia
softening of the sclera
uveitis
inflammation of the uvea
corneal
adjective for cornea
cornea
transparent shield of tissue forming the outer wall of the eyeball
extraocular
situated outside the eye
ocular
adjective referring to the eye
optic nerve
one of the cranial nerves emanating from the eye
amblyopia
condition of the eye that is not fully corrected by artifical lens
cataract
complete or partial opacity of the ocular lens
emmetropia
normal vision
glaucoma
disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure and atrophy of the optic nerve
strabismus
lack of parallelism in the visual axes; crossed eyes