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GCM 1012 - midterm
Terms in this set (77)
What is the correct order of graphic print production process?
image and text, layout, prepress, printing, finishing and binding
Composition, as related to graphic communications, is best defined as the...
creative functions involved in creating documents for public consumption
Designers often prefer coated stocks because....
they improve the reproduction quality of printer images and the colors printed on their surface are cleaner and more brilliant
in 1455, a workable printing press was developed by who?
the invention of paper and the papermaking process is who?
Outputting digital files requires what two components?
a prepress workflow system and marking engine
Which is NOT an example of a marking engine?
a. laser printer
b. LCD display
C. dot matrix printer
Which of the following is NOT a function of a prepress workflow solution?
software that enables the operator to modify pixel information is called what?
Software that works exclusively with graphic defined by points, curves, lines, and fills is known as what?
software that enables the user to combine text, images, and illustrations in the form of a publication is known as what?
generally speaking, the more colors used in a publication, the higher the production cost. T-F
In most cases, coated papers are less expensive than uncoated papers. T-F
vector and bitmap graphics can be imported into page layout software. T-F
The primary colors according to additive light theory are what?
red, green, and blue
The primary colors of subtractive color theory are what?
cyan, magenta, and yellow
According to subtractive color theory, a cyan ink film printed over a yellow ink film will yield what color?
according to additive color theory, a red light combined with a green light will yield what color?
according to additive color theory, a blue light combined with a green light will yield what color?
rods found in the human eye are responsible for which of the following?
perception of colorless, dim light
an LCD displays color using the what?
additive color model
it is not unusual for a color (such as a pantone 245) displayed on the monitor to have a different color appearance when printed on paper. T-F
the standard set of color inks used for full-color reproduction on printing presses is called what?
a special ink (other than cyan, yellow, magenta, or black) that requires its own unit on the printing press is called what?
the pantone matching system consists of _______ basic inks that can be blended to make ______ different colors.
19; more than 1,000
all of the major graphic applications on the market have swatch book color specifications built in. T-F
three lights of red, green, and blue colors added together are seen as white light. These are the colors used for color separation filters
when an additive primary color is subtracted from white light, the two remaining colors form a new color
in printing, the subtractive primaries: yellow, magenta, and cyan, plus black are used in four-color process printing. Referred to as CMYK
printing inks in special colors, e.g. in the PMS system. Generally used as a complement to black or to achieve an precise color which four-color inks cannot provide. Mixed using a recipe
pantone matching system. color charts that have more that 700 preprinted color patched of blended inks, used to identify, display, or define special "branded" colors
any image, photograph, oil painting, etc., consisting of a board range of graduation of tones
a color reproduction, printed on printing press, can always render all of the colors contained in the original photographic image. T-F
adjusting the contrast of an image, including the position of highlights, shadows, and midtones is termed what?
ensuring that color balance exists in the reproduction by removing any color cast is called what?
the method of producing the black separation by reducing CMY process colors in gray tonal areas (mostly shadow areas) is called what?
UCR stands for what?
the method of producing the black separation by replacing the gray component of trichromatic colors with black ink is called what?
increasing the amount of GCR or UCR will decrease the total ink coverage in process color printing. T-F
Which of the following is an advantage of applying GCR?
a. reduced ink drying time?
b. more stable gray balance throughout pressrun
c. lower consumption of process inks
d. all of the above
all of the above
a disadvantage of GCR is that the press operator will have more difficulty in modifying colors on press by increasing or decreasing ink film density. T-F
UCA is short for what?
vector-based programs and objet-oriented programs are synonymous ways of describing the capabilities of illustration programs. T-F
a vector graphic may be described as an image of?
composed of anchor points and lines, stored as a mathematical formula of geometric shapes
when enlarging a vector graphic, there tends to be a loss of image quality due to a decrease in effective resolution. T-F
what are common examples of illustration software?
Illustration programs commonly include which of the following features?
a. text tools for typographic enhancement
b. the ability to rotate objects
c. the ability to color objects with a color matching system
d. all of the above
all of the above
bitmap (pixel-based) images may be imported and combined with vector graphics when using illustration software. T-F
it is best to save artwork created with illustration software in which file format?
a pixel may be defined as a what?
tiny block of color or tone
image-editing software is used to create or edit vector-based images. T-F
pixel-based images may be created with what?
a. a flatbed scanner
b. a digital camera
c. image-editing software.
d. all of the above
all of the above
what is an example of image-editing software?
a pixel-based image file may also incorporate non-printing vector graphics. T-F
a line copy image (no shades of gray) would most appropriately be scanned in which color space?
the Nyquist Theorem is a formula that allows you to calculate the minimum acceptable scanning resolution for images. This well-known formula is expressed by the equation...
grayscale images have _____ channel(s).
the color space used for producing color separations for color printing is what?
the RGB color space contains more than what?
the indexed color space image typically contains what?
For best results, the resolution of an image should be determined before capturing the image. T-F
LPI is short for what?
lines per inch
the higher the resolution of an image, the better the image detail. T-F
if you have a 4
5 inches that you want to print at 5
6 inches (enlarging to 150%) with a 100 line screen, you would need to scan at _____ ppi.
two common distribution formats for saving images for print projects are what?
TIFF and PDF
the addition or removal of space between selected letter pairs to improve typographic appearance is called what?
the distance from the baseline of one line of type to the baseline of the next line of type is called what?
control over the amount of spacing between all letters and words in a paragraph is referred to as what?
when converting points into the English measurement system, one inch is equal to how many points?
how many points make up one pica?
the font format that consists of both a screen and outline font is what?
truetype fonts can only be found on Mac operating systems. T-F
the font format that can contain as many as 65,000 glyphs is what?
which of the following font formats can contain restrictions that prohibit them from being embedded in a PDF file?
truetype and opentype
fonts that are converted to outlines can be easily edited if type changes are necessary. T-F
in Mac OS X, fonts are installed in only one location. T-F
opentype fonts are cross-platform compatible and may be used in either windows or mac OS X. T-F
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