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abnormality in the nerve centers of the brain

S- Seizure can be #1


S- Seizure can be #2


convulsive S

involuntary m. contractions

S result from #8

____ result from fever,head injury,brain tumor,meningitis,hypoglycimia,® overdose,withdrqaw or poisoning


chronic and recurent seizures, most common of all neurologic d/o

epilepsy etiology

by sudden discharge of excessive electrical energy from nerve cells to the brain

generalized seizure affect

affect both hemispheres of the brain- loss of consciousness

partial S

simple, complex s/s; occure in one hemisphere

complex S cause...

___cause change in consciousness

simple S and complex S can change into

______can change into generalized S

secondary generation

simple and complex s change into generalized S

generalized convulsive S#1

tonic clonic S (grand mal)

generalized convulsive S#2

atonic S

generalized convulsive S#3

myoclonic S

most common type of S is

__is tonic clonic

tonic phase

intenseve m. contractions;1.fall to the graund; 2.lose consc;3. back arch;arms flex;legs extend;teeth clench;foam saliva,respir. stop-acynosis; lasts 20-60 sec.

clonic phase

bilaterally simmetric jerks/relaxations;progress gradually; bite tongue,incontinent; lasts 60sec/2-3 hrs sleep

postictal state (T-C S)

recovery phase, resting sleep-2-3 hours;can't remember

status epilepticus

repidly recurring generalized S w/o chance to recover between S

status epilepticus can couse

___can cause permanent nerve damage and death

atonic S= drop attack

sudden loss of m. tone

dropp attack s/s

head drop,limb drop,slumping to the ground; loss of consc,-short

atonic S !!!

high injury risk!!!- protective headgear

Myoclonic S¶

lightning-like repetitive contr of the voluntary m. of the trunk,face,extrimities, fall risk!

Myoclonic S ocur most often

______ocur most often AT NIGHT ,IN SLEEP

generalized nonconvulsive S and most common S is s/s of

is absence (petit mal) epilepsy

absence (petit mal) epilepsy occur

___ occur in children, disappear in puberty or develop a second type of S

absence (petit mal) epilepsy attack #7

___ is ∧s in consc 5-20sec.staring into space; rhitmic movement of the eyes or head,lip smacking,mumbling,chewing,swallowing movements,no memory of events

partial/ localized S subdivided #1

___subdivided into SIMPLE MOTOR SEIZURE involve localized convulsions of voluntary m.

partial simple motor S s/s

body part start jerking, m. spasm can end spontaneous or spread; no lose consciousnes

partial complex s/s S #4

normal appearence; unusual chewing; lip smecking, swallowing movement, confused, dreamlike state,

attacks of partial complex S occur

___ occur several times/day,last several minutes;no memory of event

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