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FFA Quizbowl - Person 1?
FFA, Shop, Crops, Animal Breeds/meat
Terms in this set (192)
Malleability refers to what?
Ability of metal to be hammered or worked
What is the difference between a porterhouse and a t-bone steak?
A porterhouse has three meat groups instead of two
If shelled corn is to be stored for a year or more, what should its moisture content be?
Meat form a sheep that was slaughtered over 14 months of age
Name 3 breeds of cattle that originated in France?
Limousin, Salers, Charolais
The ¨Columbia¨ sheep breed is a cross of
Lincoln ewe and rambouliet ram
What breed of horse typically has the fastest time in a quarter mile race?
State two types of farm business organizations
Sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation
Cows and sheep belong to what class of livestock?
What are the 6 essential nutrients?
Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water
What are the six types of corn?
Dent corn, flint corn, sweet corn, popcorn, flour corn, and pod corn
What are the six leading states in wheat production?
Kansas, Oklahoma, Washington, Texas, Montana, and Nebraska
What are the 5 U.S. Quality Grades of beef?
Prime, Choice, Select, Standard, Utility
A condition found in Piedmontese and Belgian Blue cattle is?
What breed of draft horse originated in Scotland?
What country did the Gelbvieh originate in?
What are distaller's grain used for?
What is a stag?
A steer that had started to develop secondary (gender) characteristics before he was castrated
What is agronomy?
The study of the principles and practices of crop production
What are two methods of harvesting corn?
Picking/combining and cutting for silage
In soils, a natural soil aggregate is called a
Name some feeds high in carbohydrates
Corn, Wheat, Oats
What element is added more than others in the manufacturing of steel?
What type of soil developed from water deposited material is characterized by little or no evidence of soil forming processes?
Term for land suitable for production of cultivated crops
What is the term for the farming practice allowing land to lie idle during a production season?
What term describes soil particles that have been transported and deposited by the wind?
What can one use to convert AC current to DC?
What are the four functions of livestock?
Food, clothing power, recreation
A mule is a cross between a
Jack and mare
State the factors of production
Land, labor, capital, management
Applying what to acidic soil raises the pH level?
The no-till management system usually requires a higher use of
Pesticides / Herbicides
What is the largest cost in producing livestock?
A black baldie is a cross of what two breeds?
Hereford and Angus
What is the most valuable crop grown in the United States?
What is the most important grain crop in the world?
Which class of wheat is grown most extensively in Colorado?
Hard Red Winter Wheat
What is the main use for oats grown in Colorado?
How is soil acidity or alkalinity expressed?
What type of feed is corn classified?
What type of feed is soybean meal classified?
What are the two primary uses of barley grown in the U.S.?
Livestock feed and Malting
What other crop is commonly grown in Colorado that is also a legume?
Dry bean (Pinto Bean)
What is the standard weight for a bushel of wheat in pounds?
What is the standard protein percent for hard red winter wheat?
What is the standard weight of a bushel of barley?
What percent of the U.S. population is involved in food production?
What percent of the Third World population is involved in food production?
What surrounds the electrode in an arc-welding rod?
A brangus is a cross between what two breeds?
Brahman and Angus
What is the measure of electric pressure in a circuit?
What kind of test helps determine the rate of fertilizer needed for a particular crop?
What percentage of their income do consumers in the U.S. spend on food?
What percentage of their income do Third World consumers spend on food?
What kind of barley is grown under dryland farming conditions?
2 Row Barley
What is an "A" horizon?
What is a "B" horizon?
How much does a bushel of corn weight per bushel?
On a beef animal, where does a chuck steak come from?
Name a belted breed of hog
List some breeds of pigs
Yorkshire, Hampshire, Duroc
What word refers to birds
What meat comes from 4-5 month old beef calves?
Where is the gaskin on a horse?
Above the hock and below the base of the hip
What is goat meat called?
Where is the poll located on a sheep?
Top of head
What is the main factor in determining yield grade in lambs?
What are the slaughter swine U.S. grades?
1, 2, 3, 4, utility
What state leads the U.S. in beef production?
What are two characteristics of the A-horizon in a soil?
Dark color and High Organic Matter
When evaluating market animals, where is the best place to look to determine muscularity?
Forearm or Stifle
Where is the rack located on a sheep?
On its back directly behind the top of the shoulder
At what National FFA Convention was the dress code adopted?
List three aims or goals of the FFA
To develop, compete, and strive in leadership
What is the FFA Mission?
Premier leadership, personal growth, career success
What has to be accomplished in order to receive your Chapter Farmer Degree?
Have Greenhand Degree, effectively led a fifteen min. group discussion, summit a written application
What are the 4 types of FFA Membership?
Active, Collegiate, Honorary, Alumni
Judging contests are known as?
Career Development Events (CDE)
Name the Englishman that did much to improve livestock quality in the 1700s
What act provided for the original administration of Vocational Education?
Smith - Hughes Act
When did the horse population in the U.S. bottom out?
Where does the North American International Livestock Exposition take place?
Changing a main motions is called?
Do incidental motions have an order of preference?
Name an English breed known for excellent carcass quality
Back Angus (Aberdeen)
What year did FFA receive its federal chapter?
What are the FFA awards given for SAE projects showing growth and development?
Which tool is used for smoothing, shaping, and polishing metal?
Swine are monogastric, which means they have how many chambers in their stomach?
What king of tools use compressed gas to operate?
What part of a portable power drill clamps and holds the bit in place?
What type of species are hunted for food and/or sport?
What are some "Bos Taurus" cattle breeds?
Before welding, what is it called when you hold two pieces of metal together?
What world wide milk is consumed the most?
A farmer's yield feeds how many people today?
How many square feet are in an acre?
The change from dormant condition to one of activity and growth is known as
What is the common term for removing gas pressure from all the lines and equipment?
Bleeding the lines
What is female goat or rabbit?
In 1837, Leonard Andrus and what other individual began to manufacture steel plows?
Which U.S. state is the leading producer of Soybeans?
Which ear on a pig is notched with the litter number?
What instrument can be used to determine the age of a tree?
Where is backfat measured on a pig?
Which type of gene transfer protocol uses a "gene gun"?
Which U.S. state is the leading producer of rice?
What type of tape is used on threading fittings to prevent water or gas leaking at pipe connections?
What is the fluid-filled structure in the ovary that contains the egg?
What does a "black layer" at the base of a corn kernel signify?
What is the second most important cereal grain crop in the word?
What genetic process was used to create seedless watermelons?
Which red meat has the lowest cholesterol content?
What year did the horse population in the U.S. reach an all-time high?
What two byproducts help provide 75% of the energy needed to operate sawmills?
Waste wood and sawdust
Which safety color is used to designate radiation hazards?
Which safety color is used to indicate the presence of safety equipment, safety areas, first-aid and medical practice?
What are carcasses wrapped in during aging?
What group of countries are the top exporters of agricultural goods into the U.S.?
European Union (EU)
What is used to test for leaks on an oxy gas cutting unit?
What three conditions must be present to produce fire? (The components of the fire triangle)
Fuel, Oxygen, and Heat
What practice helps farmers avoid a decrease in soil fertility?
What is the food dehydration process in which products are frozen in a vacuum to draw off moisture?
What is the typical length of florist wire in inches?
What is the raw material for paper products?
What is the common term for recording features in a field while performing another GPS task?
In 1926, engineers were successful in developing what type of tractor?
A light tractor
A feed source, forage is high in what?
What type of farming was popularized in the 1970's?
What are the two main reasons for aging meat?
Tenderness and flavor
What animal grading system refers to the amount of lean meat produces in a carcass?
Which U.S. state leads the nation in timber production?
What type of metal comes from iron ore?
What is the major source of fat in animal rations?
What are the small grape-like structures in the udder of a cow that produce milk?
What percentage of land area of the world is arable?
The output of an arc welding machine is commonly expressed in what terms?
What is the temperature of an electric welding arc?
9000 Degreed Fahrenheit
What is the term for the dried stalks left in the field after economic part of the plant has been removed and threshed?
At what temperature should a liquid nitrogen tank holding semen straws be kept?
-320 Degrees F
What term refers to an animal operation that raises animals in a relatively small space?
What U.S. state leads the nation in sugar beet production
What is the proper term for tying two of an animal's legs together to prevent it from kicking or moving?
Which state has been the top agricultural product producing state for over 50 years?
What gas has been successfully collected and converted to electricity from decomposing animal wastes?
How many feet are in a rod?
What U.S. state is the leading producer of apples?
What are some things that originated in South America?
Peanut plant, Llamas,W
Remote sensing of crops can be most negatively affected by what factor?
Which state was the first to begin to use irrigation
Name the process of shining a bright light through an egg to see if it contains imperfections
Refrigerators should be set at or below what temperature for propoper meat storage?
40 Degrees F
Is an ostrich's eye bigger than it's brain?
What is the term for the portion of plant crops that remain in the field after harvest?
Which foliage as he most course texture?
Which U.S. state is the leading producer of bananas?
Corn is low in what two essential amino acids?
Tryptophan and Lysine
Which country producers and consumes more fruit that any other country in the world?
The United States
Which are there more of....family farms or corporate farms?
How wide should an arc weld be in relationship to the size of rod?
Twice as wide
The bond with metals and alloys that melt at or above 840 Degrees when capillary action occurs is called what?
What is the compression ratio of most small gas engines?
Which enzyme is extracted from the stomach of cattle to be used in the cheese making process?
What law described the relationship of amperage, voltage, and resistance?
What kind of corn has multicolored kernels on the cob?
Horses used mainly for pulling loads or implements are called
Name the types of welding Joints
Butt Joint, T-Joint, Lap Joint, Corner Joint, Edge Joint
Technologies that involve the movement of a liquid in a confined space and under pressure
Water comprises what percentage of milk?
What is the process of heating milk to destroy disease causing microorganisms and increase shelf life?
What type of FFA membership does a student in high school Ag Ed have?
After making a cut with a miter saw, what is it important to do before you raise the blade back up again?
Wait for the blade to come to a complete stop
What meat is the most widely eaten around the world?
What gas is commonly used in TIG welding?
IN a 4 stroke engine cycle, what is the name of the final (4th) stroke?
What type of fish are nocturnal and do not have scales?
What is the act of installing and repairing water pipes and fixtures in called?
A feed ration is?
The amount of feed an animal is allotted in a day
When using a portable power drill that does NOT have a keyless chuck, how do you tighten down a bit?
With the chuck key
What color is the oxygen hose in oxygen/acetylene welding?
What are the sectors of Agricultural education programs three circle model?
FFA, SAE, Classroom Instruction
A stationary circular saw with a table top and tilting arbor is called what?
What is rendered pork fat?
What is excessive fuel in the combustion chamber called?
What is the purpose of ear notching in hogs?
To provide for identification and record keeping purposes
Inability to reproduce is called?
When grinding on a stationary grinder, at what angle should you hold the work to the grinder?
Name two different types of screw drivers
Phillips and Flat Head (Strait Slot, Standard)
What does AC stand for regarding AC welding
What is the measure of soil acidity or alkalinity?
What are five of the seven career pathways in the Agricultural and Natural Resource Career Cluster area?
Plant Systems, Animal Systems, Agribusiness Systems, Food Science, Natural Resources
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