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The Spanish american war, the republican Roosevelt, progressivism & WW1
Terms in this set (44)
Joseph Pulitzer & William Hearst
Published newspapers, helped develop yellow journalism
Booker T. Washington
-born & raised as a slave
-learn a skill, get a job, move up the ladder
Opposed Booker T. Washington. Wanted social and political integration as well as higher education for 10% of African Americans-what he called a "Talented Tenth". Founder of the Niagara Movement which led to the creation of the NAACP. Born into a wealthy family
One of the founders of the NAACP
Early leader in civil rights movement
-founder of the United negro improvement association
-known for promoting the resettlement of American blacks in Africa
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History, control of the sea was the key to world dominance
Came from a "yellow kid" comic warning about Asian immigration. based on extreme sensationalism + exaggerating
The battleship Maine
-sent to Cuba to protect american lives
-mysteriously exploded/ kills 250 sailors
General who assisted the US in the war against the Spanish in the Philippines. Aided commodore George Dewey
US and Great Britain became allies
Theodore Roosevelt & the rough riders
-won the battle of San Juan in Cuba
-waisted the US Navy
US leaves control of Cuba to its people
US will have control of Guantanamo Bay and intervention in Cuban affairs
William McKinley's foreign policy with China... "Open Door" policy
Note sent by McKinleys secretary of state John Hayes to France, Britain, Italy, Japan and Russia that all should respect Chinese rights and all should have equal commercial industrial rights in China
"Big Stick" policy
Nickname for TR's foreign policy, justification for US dominance in Latin America
Panama canal treaties
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850)
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (1901)
Hay-Bonau-Varilla Treaty (1903)
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe doctrine
Provided the right of the US intervene to stabilize the economic affairs GP small nations in Latin America if they were able to pay their debts
Teddy Roosevelt negotiates the end of the Russo Japanese war in the US
Japanese agree to not send immigrants so the US must treat the Japanese immigrants already in America with respect. no discrimination
Respect each other's territories (US- Hawaii & Philippines) (Japan - Manchuria)
"Great White Fleet"
U.S. Navy force that completed a circumnavigation of the globe from 1907 to 1909
What was the goal of the progressive movement?
Use the government to solve these problems...
1. corruption (business +political)
2. Lack of rules and regulations for work
3. Eliminating monopolies/ trusts
Who were the muckrakers? who gave them this name?what was their goal?
Journalists who expose corruption in society. Teddy Roosevelt gave them their name
Why was the coal miners strike of 1902 significant? what were the three C's of Roosevelts square deal
Coal miners go on strike wanting a raise...
-TR threatens owners with government takeover
-government sites with workers
-three C's; controlled corporations, consumer protection, conservation of nature (Gifford Pinchot John Muir) (good vs.bad trusts)
Upton Sinclair the jungle
Book exposed poor conditions unsanitary procedures in the meatpacking industry. (meat inspection act)
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives
Exposed unsanitary living conditions in New York tenements
Lincoln Steffens, The Shame of the Cities
Expose corruption in city politics
What happened at the triangle shirt waist company?
Horrific accident involving a fire that erupted in a locked factory, killing dozens ,this case had the effect of increased government regulations for factory safety conditions
What was the idea of Tafts "dollar diplomacy"
Motivate American businesses to invest in foreign countries "Bills over bullets"
Why did Theodore Roosevelt decide to run as a "bull moose" progressive?
William Howard Taft change some of TR's policies. Taft actually busted more trusts than TR. Will is in Windson wins a Republicans split their vote
Allows for an income tax
Progressive tax structure
Direct election of US senators
Prohibition of alcoholic beverages
-Controls the circulation of money
-adjusts interest rates (credit availability)
Explain the multiple events and finally leas President Wilson to ask Congress to declare war on Germany
-US continues to sell goods to Britain
-German submarines sink the Lusitania
-Germany sends the Zimmerman telegram to Mexico
-unrestricted submarine warfare
Eugene vs. Debs
Socialist candidate for the presidency-union leader-arrested during world war one for urging resistance to the military draft
Schenck v. United States
Speech can be limited when there is clear and present danger to the US- " Rights are limited during wartime"
Leader of the national woman's party organizes the first protest and picketing of the White House-Arrested -hunger strike
Led by Herbert Hoover "victory Gardens" all US citizens need to sacrifice for the war effort
Committee on Public Information (George Creel)
Organized propaganda during world war one anti-German messages "liberty steak" "hot dogs"
Wilson's plan for life after World War I
Listed chronology of events leading to the defeat of the treaty of Versailles by the U.S. Senate
Treaty must be approved by US senate
Irreconcilable's will not agree to article X
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