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13 terms

Chapter 13 Disorders

Chpt 13 Disorders: Description, Neurologic Diseases and conditions.
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Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)
CVA, or stroke, occurs when the brain is damaged by a sudden disruption in the flow of blood to a part of the brain, embolic, or by bleeding inside the head, hemorrhagic
Transit Ischemic Attack
TIA's are temporary episodes w/ a duration of less than 24 hours of impaired neurologic functioning caused by an inadequate flow of blood to a portion of the brain
Epidural Hematomas
Epidermal hematoma is a collection or mass of blood that forms between the skull and the dura matter, the outermost of the three meningeal layers covering the brain
Subdural Hematoma
Subdural Hematoma the blood collects or pools between the dura matter and the arachnoid, the 2nd meningeal membrane
Cerebral Concussion
Possible bruising of the cerebral tissue that is caused by back and forth movement of the head. Blunt force trauma also may result in a cerebral concussion
Cerebral Contusion
Is more serious than a concussion. Injury to the brain involves bruising of tissue along or just beneath the surface of the brain and also may be termed contra-coup insult
Depressed Skull Fracture
A fractured skull occurs when a break or fracture occurs in one of the bones of the cranium, when the skull bones are depressed or torn loose, they are pushed below the normal surface of the skull
Paraplegia
The loss of nerve function below the waist and paralysis of the lower trunk and legs
Quadriplegia
The loss of nerve function at the cervical region resulting in paralysis of the arms, hands, trunk and legs
Degenerative Disk Disease (DDD)
May result in pain in the areas served by the spinal nerves of the involved disk space. DDD is a natural part of aging occuring in almost everyone over time
Herniated Buldging Disk
Also known as a ruptured or slipped disk, is the rupture of the nucleus pulposus through the annular wall of the disk and into the spinal canal
Sciatic Nerve Injury
Is a pathologic condition. Brought about trauma, degeneration, or rupture of the nucleus pulposus within intervertebral disks L4 through S3.
Spinal Stenosis
A narrowing of the spinal canal or nerve root foramen, is often termed sciatica because of the compression on the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots