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The signs of aging are influenced by factors such as the sun, health habits, lifestyle, and:

80 to 85%

The percentage of skin aging that is caused by the rays of the sun is approximately:

UVA and UVB rays

the UV rays of the sun reach the skin in two different forms, which are

aging rays

the UVA rays that are deep-penetrating and can go through a glass window are

elastin fibers

wrinkling and sagging of the skin are caused by weakening collagen fibers and


UVB rays contribute to the body's synthesis of vitamin D and other important


daily moisturizers or protective lotions should have a sunscreen with an SPF of at least

asymmetry, border, color, diameter

the American Cancer Society checklist used to recognize skin cancer is

inflamed skin disorder

a salon should not service a client who is suffering from a


a small circumscribed elevation of the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is a


an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells and varying in size, shape, and color is a


a crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis is a


keratin-filled cysts that appear just under the epidermis and have no visible openings are


any thin plate of dry or oily epidermal flakes in the scalp area is referred to as


sebum from a comedo exposed to the environment turns black and

extraction procedures

comedones should be removed under aseptic conditions using proper


a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands is

seborrheic dermatitis

an inflammation of the sebaceous glands characterized by dry or oily crusting or itchiness is


a dry scaly skin condition due to a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by old age or exposure to the cold is

milaria rubra

a disorder of the sweat gland caused by excessive exposure to the heat is


a painful itching skin disease with dry or moist lesions that a physician needs to treat is

herpes simplex

a contagious recurring viral infection characterized by blisters on the lips or nostrils: fever blister or cold sore


the medical term for abnormal skin inflammation is

allergic reactions

prolonged or repeated direct skin contact with chemicals has the potential to cause


the chemicals released by the immune system to enlarge the vessels around an injury are

tap water

suprisingly, a very common salon irritant is


abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape is a


the absence of melanin pigment from the body and skin sensitivity to light are signs of


a spot or blemish spot on the skin that requires medical attention if there is a change is a

basal cell carcinoma

the most common type of skin cancer characterized by light or pearly nodules is


dilated capillaries (surface blood vessels) caused by age, tobacco, sun exposure and environment


a mark on the skin

3 types: primary, secondary and tertiary

how many types of lesions are there? and what are their names?


an inflamed pimple containing pus


blister containing watery fluid


a pimple that contains no fluid but can develop pus


skin discoloration, spot neither raised nor sunken; like a freckle


an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells

secondary skin lesions

which type of lesions develops in the later stages of a disease?


a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of tissue


an open lesion on the skin


a scab


a crack in the dermis


dandruff is an example of a _____________


______________are small white bumps under the epidermis; resembles sesame seeds


blackheads....aka____________are filled with keratin and sebum


chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands


a fatty or sebaceous cyst


characterized by silver white scales covering red patches found on the elbow, scalp, knees, chest and lower back

malignant melanoma

this is the worst type of skin cancer, appearing jagged and raised


tiny grains of pigment deposited in the stratum germinitivum of the epidermis and the papillary layers of the dermis

scar or cicatrix

light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion


skin condition caused by an abnormal increase of secretion from the sebaceous glands

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