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53 terms

CH. 20-Skin Diseases and Disorders

Milady
STUDY
PLAY
heredity
The signs of aging are influenced by factors such as the sun, health habits, lifestyle, and:
80 to 85%
The percentage of skin aging that is caused by the rays of the sun is approximately:
UVA and UVB rays
the UV rays of the sun reach the skin in two different forms, which are
aging rays
the UVA rays that are deep-penetrating and can go through a glass window are
elastin fibers
wrinkling and sagging of the skin are caused by weakening collagen fibers and
minerals
UVB rays contribute to the body's synthesis of vitamin D and other important
15
daily moisturizers or protective lotions should have a sunscreen with an SPF of at least
asymmetry, border, color, diameter
the American Cancer Society checklist used to recognize skin cancer is
inflamed skin disorder
a salon should not service a client who is suffering from a
papule
a small circumscribed elevation of the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is a
tumor
an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells and varying in size, shape, and color is a
fissure
a crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis is a
milia
keratin-filled cysts that appear just under the epidermis and have no visible openings are
dandruff
any thin plate of dry or oily epidermal flakes in the scalp area is referred to as
oxidizes
sebum from a comedo exposed to the environment turns black and
extraction procedures
comedones should be removed under aseptic conditions using proper
acne
a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands is
seborrheic dermatitis
an inflammation of the sebaceous glands characterized by dry or oily crusting or itchiness is
asteatosis
a dry scaly skin condition due to a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by old age or exposure to the cold is
milaria rubra
a disorder of the sweat gland caused by excessive exposure to the heat is
eczema
a painful itching skin disease with dry or moist lesions that a physician needs to treat is
herpes simplex
a contagious recurring viral infection characterized by blisters on the lips or nostrils: fever blister or cold sore
dermatitis
the medical term for abnormal skin inflammation is
allergic reactions
prolonged or repeated direct skin contact with chemicals has the potential to cause
histamines
the chemicals released by the immune system to enlarge the vessels around an injury are
tap water
suprisingly, a very common salon irritant is
stain
abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape is a
albinism
the absence of melanin pigment from the body and skin sensitivity to light are signs of
mole
a spot or blemish spot on the skin that requires medical attention if there is a change is a
basal cell carcinoma
the most common type of skin cancer characterized by light or pearly nodules is
telangiectasis
dilated capillaries (surface blood vessels) caused by age, tobacco, sun exposure and environment
lesion
a mark on the skin
3 types: primary, secondary and tertiary
how many types of lesions are there? and what are their names?
pustule
an inflamed pimple containing pus
bulla
blister containing watery fluid
papule
a pimple that contains no fluid but can develop pus
macule
skin discoloration, spot neither raised nor sunken; like a freckle
tumor
an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells
secondary skin lesions
which type of lesions develops in the later stages of a disease?
keloid
a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of tissue
ulcer
an open lesion on the skin
crust
a scab
fissure
a crack in the dermis
scale
dandruff is an example of a _____________
milia
______________are small white bumps under the epidermis; resembles sesame seeds
comedones
blackheads....aka____________are filled with keratin and sebum
acne
chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands
steatoma
a fatty or sebaceous cyst
psoriasis
characterized by silver white scales covering red patches found on the elbow, scalp, knees, chest and lower back
malignant melanoma
this is the worst type of skin cancer, appearing jagged and raised
melanin
tiny grains of pigment deposited in the stratum germinitivum of the epidermis and the papillary layers of the dermis
scar or cicatrix
light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion
seborrhea
skin condition caused by an abnormal increase of secretion from the sebaceous glands