order effect
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Terms in this set (39)
Children become aware that roles and laws are created by people, and in judging an action they consider the actor's intentions as well as the consequences.Autonomous moralityThis type of parent helps their children interpret and deal with their emotions.emotion coaching parentsDuring this period of development, children think of justice and rules as unchangeable properties of the world, removed from the control of peopleHeteronomous moralitythe concept that if a rule is broken, punishment will be meted out immediatelyimmanent justiceThese parents are loving and warm but do not require much for their children and have little to no rules.permissive parentingThis part of the brain grows in circuitry during mid/late childhood and has a profound effect on children's thinking and reasoning.prefrontal cortexThis type of memory increases in mid/late childhood and allows children to do more with incoming information.working memory, short term memoryThis umbrella term is linked to the development of the brain's prefrontal cortex and impacts the following: Working memory; Critical thinking; Creative thinking; Metacognition; focusing attention; reduce interfering thoughts.executive functionThe Triarchic theory of intelligence and the eight frames of mind theorists.Sternberg and GardnerBy the time children are 6, they know this many words.14,000When appraising oneself, it's how you feel about who you are (can be positive or negative) .self-esteemReinforcing children's efforts rather than using blanket statements such "You're so smart!".growth mindsetChildren's understanding that people have mental states such as thoughts, beliefs, and desires that affect their behavior.theory of mindChildren who have poor ___________ are usually less socially competent.emotion regulationChildren who were raised by ___________ parents grow up independent, have high social competence and are well-adjustedauthoritativeGrowth averages ____ to ______ inches per years.2 to 3Weight gain averages _____ to ______ pounds or year.5 to 7Girls _______ boys in their use of fine motor skills.outperformImprovement of fine motor skills during middle and late childhood results from ___________.increased myelination of central nervous systemAerobic exercise benefits...Lower incidence of obesity. Children's attention and memory, cognitive inhibitory control. Effortful and goal-directed thinking and behavior. Creativity.__________ are the most common cause of severe injury in middle and late childhood.Motor accidentsCancer is the ____ leading cause of death in children from 5-14secondThe most common child cancer is ________leukemiaChildren with cancer are surviving ________ because of _________ in cancer treatment.Longer; advancementsLearning disabilitydifficulty in learning involving understanding or using spoken or written language. The difficulty can appear in listening, thinking, reading, writing, or spelling.Emotional and behavioral disordersserious, persistent problems that involve relationships, aggression, depression, and fears associated with personal or school matters; Inappropriate socioemotional characteristics; Boys three times as likely as girls to have these disorders.Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)range from autistic disorder to Asperger syndrome and may have genetic basisNeo-Piagetiansargue Piaget was partially correct but his theory needs considerable revisionThe Flynn Effectrapid increase in IQ scores worldwide