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Psyc 2076 Chapter 1
Chapter 1 for psychology 2076 Test
Terms in this set (24)
the scientific study of patterns of growth, change, and stability that occur from conception through adolescence
The field of child development includes three major topics or approaches:
Physical development, Cognitive development, Social and personality development
examining the ways in which body's makeup—the brain, nervous system, muscles and sense and the need for food, drink, and sleep
seeking to understand how growth and change in intellectual capabilities influence a person's behavior
Learning, memory, problem solving, and intelligence is included in what area of development
the study of stability and change in enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another
the way in which individuals' interactions with others and their social relationships grow, change, and remain stable over the course of life
shared notion of reality, widely accepted
a group of people born at around the same time in the same place; Provide history-graded influences
biological and environmental influences associated with a particular historical time and are experienced by the majority of a culture.
biological and environmental influences that are similar for individuals in a particular age group, regardless of when or where they are raised (ex. puberty/starting school)
include ethnicity, social class, subcultural membership, and other factors
Original Sin View
Popular during the Middle Ages- Children were perceived as being basically bad, having been born into the world as evil. Parents were too steer children in right direction.
Tabula Rasa View
(1600s) Associated with John Locke. Children are born with a blank slate and gain individual characteristics through their experiences. Parents spend time and teach them the good.
(1700s) Associated with Jean-Jacques Rousseauchildren. Born innately good. Parents should be minimally intrusive and let children develop naturally on their own.
heredity; refers to traits, abilities and capacities that are inherited from one's parents
influences in the environment that shape behavior
development is gradual and ongoing throughout lifespan- behavior in earlier stages of development providing the basis of skills and abilities required for the next stages.
occurs in distinct steps or separate stages with different kinds of behavior occurring in each stage. Development of certain abilities, such as specific emotions or ways of thinking, have a definite starting and ending point.
point during development when a particular event has the greatest consequences- specific time window.
the degree to which a developing behavior or physical structure is modifiable
due to plasticity it is more flexible than a critical period. Still important to get specific input within particular time frame but the time frame is more fluid and consequences of not receiving the input are less rigid.
People who take the position that all or most behaviors and characteristics are the result of inheritance. (Nature)
People who take the position that all or most behaviors and characteristics are the result of learning. (Nurture)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
psyc 2076 Test one
Psychology 2076 Chapter 2
PSYC 2076 Chapter 3
Psychology 2076 Test 1
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