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Terms in this set (60)
The urbanization and growth of the steel producing centers of the Ruhr Valley in Germany and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States can best be explained by the site characteristics of
large, local supplies of iron ore and intersecting railroads
Most countries within western Europe and South America are highly urbanized. Which of the following statements best explains an important similarity or difference in the urbanization of these regions?
Western Europe urbanized before South America because industrialization occurred first in Europe.
Which of the following site factors is most significant in explaining the expansion of urban areas of Tokyo and Los Angeles following the Second World War?
Flat, open plains along mountainous coastlines
Which of the following best explains the rapid development of edge cities in the United States Southwest in comparison with other regions of the United States?
Edge cities developed rapidly in the Southwest region of the United States because large numbers of people migrated from the Midwest for the warmer climate and for the jobs resulting when corporations relocated for financial incentives.
Which of the following scenarios is best explained by the concept of range in Christaller's central place theory?
A consumer purchases gasoline at the nearest town but travels to the nearest city to purchase a new car.
Which of the following statements best explains the growth pattern behind a majority of the world's megacities?
Indian and Chinese cities have experienced enormous urban growth in recent years as these countries continue to industrialize and develop service industries.
Which of the following is a primary characteristic of world cities?
They are financially and politically connected to global markets and drive the process of globalization.
Each year Paris, Milan, and New York City hold fashion weeks showcasing the latest in clothing design. These events provide major clothing designers with the opportunity to finance new brands and to collaborate. Fashion weeks receive a large amount of news coverage in online, print, and televised media, which influences consumers' preferences and purchasing decisions.
Which of the following geographical processes best explains this impact on consumers?
World cities have market effects on a globalized urban culture.
For urbanization in North American cities, which of the following is best explained by the model?
The spatial organization of the greater metropolitan area and the likely locations of different types of residences
Seoul is the largest city in South Korea, with a 2018 population of approximately 10 million. Busan is the second-largest city in South Korea, with a 2018 population of approximately 3.5 million.
Seoul serves as the economic, political, and cultural center of South Korea.
Traffic congestion is a common feature of major Southeast Asian cities. Which of the following is a possible solution that a city or regional government could implement to alleviate traffic congestion and improve the city's urban sustainability?
The government could significantly expand the availability and use of more environmentally friendly mass transit that utilizes renewable resources.
A movement that began in Italy as a reaction to the impact of globalization on the quality of daily urban life promotes
slow-growth cities, which emphasize long-standing cultural traditions
The map shows major highways and the route of the Metrorail Silver Line around Tysons Corner, Virginia, an edge city outside of Washington, D.C. Using the information in the map and the data table, which of the following was the most likely positive result of the opening of the Metrorail Silver Line in 2014 ?
An increase in population and business activity as a result of improved connectivity
Which of the following phenomena can be explained using the urban data presented in the map and table?
Suburbanization and middle-class flight from the urban core
The construction of makeshift housing in a country within the periphery, as shown in the photograph, is often the result of
an increasing number of industrial jobs available in a city without adequate housing
The growth of squatter settlements within urban areas in Latin America, as shown in the photograph, can be explained by rapid migration to cities and the
lack of enforceable zoning regulations
Which of the following is the most likely reason for cities to invest in remediation and redevelopment of brownfields?
The redevelopment of brownfields enables the reuse of abandoned areas that are often located in urban centers and have existing infrastructure.
Which of the following is the most likely outcome of a citywide sustainable design initiative?
An increase in mixed land-use development, which improves the walkability of neighborhoods
Policies that increase the quantity of housing units next to downtown employment locations in cities such as Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Canada are designed to reduce these cities'
Which of the following is a central goal for planning concepts such as New Urbanism?
Creation of walkable cities that are environmentally friendly and contain a diversity of business, entertainment, and residential areas with large areas of green space
Which of the following best explains why geographers would expect two large urban areas in close proximity to one another to have extensive interactions, such as frequent airline flights between the cities?
Christaller's central place theory argues that which of the following patterns will occur?
Cities and towns of similar size will be evenly spaced across a country or region.
Given the level of development of the countries and the population densities of the cities shown in the table, which is the most likely location for low-income migrants to take up residence in these urban areas?
The outlying areas
Which of the following would support an explanation of the availability of public services based upon a country's level of development?
Cities located in semiperiphery countries are more able to overcome the challenges of providing public services compared to cities in countries of the periphery.
The census data shown would most likely be used by city government officials to analyze which of the following processes?
How public services are allocated to the city's demographic groups
While New Urbanism is seen as a more sustainable pattern for urban growth, which of the following is a negative consequence of New Urbanism?
The increase in mixed-use spaces may reduce the unique historic architecture of the area.
Which of the following urban models best addresses the types of specialization in suburban business districts shown?
In more developed countries, suburban development during the mid-twentieth century focused on moderate single-family homes on small lots. In contrast, in the latter half of the twentieth century, many suburban areas were developed to contain large lots with single-family homes. Which of the following explains the importance of this change in the pattern of development?
Urban sprawl resulted from the expansion of transportation networks dependent on cars.
Which of the following is an infrastructure trend supported by the data shown in the table?
The economic growth and development of large metropolitan areas relates closely to the expansion of effective public transportation infrastructure.
Based on a comparison of commercial space and residential housing, the Burgess concentric zone model shown best represents which of the following patterns?
Urban growth in Midwestern cities such as Chicago during the Industrial Era, where suburban growth rings surrounded a single central business district with higher land prices
Comparing the patterns of commercial space and residential space, which of the following examples is the weakest fit for the Burgess concentric zone model?
Urban areas such as the San Francisco Bay area, where there are multiple centers of employment and multiple areas of high-income residences
Compared to the patterns shown in urban models of the United States and Canada, the Latin American city model best explains which of the following patterns?
Income levels and land values increase toward the center of the city and along the spine.
Based on the pattern shown in the model, which of the following is the most likely process by which rural-to-urban migrants in Latin America acquire housing upon arriving in a city?
Rural-to-urban migrants have to construct their own housing out of the available materials and on open land often found on the urban periphery.
Which of the following is NOT a world city based upon its impact upon international financial markets?
Cities grow as a result of rural-urban migration. Which of the following cities would have been first to experience urbanization as a result of this type of migration?
Which of the following is not true about urbanization?
Higher numbers of people moving into cities indicate a high level of development.
Which of the following is an example of a megalopolis?
Boston to Washington, DC
Central Place Theory assumes that consumers
have the same income and preferences when purchasing goods and services.
A city is
a geographic area with a high density of people.
The most practical definition for an urban area is
the central city and its surrounding suburbs
Historically, urbanization reached its zenith during
The African City Model is based upon what central premise?
What is the population of the fourth largest city in a country where the rank-size rule applies if the largest city is one million in population?
A primate city is
when the largest city in a country is more than twice the size of the next largest city.
What proportion of the world's population lives in urban areas?
The geometric pattern is associated with Central Place Theory?
What is the name for the areas which the Latin American City Model calls the periferico?
What is a squatter settlement?
Illegal housing for poor migrants that contain very few services
Colonial cities were characterized by which of the following?
A grid-like pattern centering around government buildings.
In the Concentric Zone Model, which of the following is most likely to be located in the outermost ring? *
wealthy suburban homeowners
Which of the following statements best encapsulates the fundamental structure of the Harris and Ullman Multiple Nuclei Model?
Economic growth is independent of the CBD.
Industries during the 1800s located close to the CBD because *
they needed to be located close to transportation lines.
The fundamental principle of the Sector Model is based on what?
Development is based on amenities.
How has the composition of the world's top ten most populated cities changed since 1950?
LDC cities make up a larger percentage of the top ten.
Challenges for megacities in LDCs include
all of the above.
Which urban model best explains the spatial impact of automobiles and the construction of interstate highways on metropolitan areas in the US? *
Peripheral/Edge City Model
Urban models attempt to explain
why particular patterns exist in urban areas
why people are not randomly distributed throughout an urban area
According to the Burgess Model, the housing stock is most deteriorated and a sizable percentage of residents are immigrants in the zone
zone of transition.
Large cities develop many nodes around which different people and activities cluster. This describes the
Multiple Nuclei Model
In Harris and Ullman's Model which of the following are nodes of activities?
all of the above
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