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30 terms

World Civilization Vocab

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Appeasement
satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability
Aristocracy
an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
Autonomous
self-governing
Caste System
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
Concentration Camp
a camp where prisoners of war, political prisoners, or members of minority groups are confined, typically under harsh conditions
Conquistador
a Spanish conqueror of the Americas
Crusades
a series of military expeditions by Christian Europe to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims
Dictator
an absolute ruler
Disarmament
a limit or reduction in armed forces or weapons
Dissident
a person who speaks out against the regime in power
Divine Right of Kings
the idea that kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God
Dynasty
a family line of rulers who's right to rule is passed on within the family
Feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
Hellenistic
pertaining to Greek language and culture
Heresy
thoughts and ideas that are contrary to the teachings of the Christian faith
Hieroglyphics
a sophisticated system of writing based on pictures
Magna Carta
a written code that limited the power of the English monarchy for the first time; also called the Great Charter
Middle Passage
the middle portion of the triangular trade that brought African slaves to the Americas
Nationalism
the unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols
Natural Rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Nomad
people who move from place to place following animal migrations and vegetation cycles
Propaganda
ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
Renaissance
a period in European history of the rebirth of learning based on the knowledge of ancient Roman and Greek learning; mainly in art, philosophy, invention, exploration and religious reform
Reparation
payment made to the victor by the vanquished to cover the costs of a war
Rural
of or relating to people who live in the country
Secular
a viewpoint void of religious thought or considerations
Social Contract
the idea that an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
Socialism
a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production
Totalitarian
a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens
Urban
of or located in the city