Upgrade to remove ads
Porter 3rd Quarter Exam
Terms in this set (85)
Set up to help freedmen and white refugees after the Civil War. Provided food, clothing, medical care, and education. First to establish schools for blacks to learn to read as thousands of teachers from the north came south to help.
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South.
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.
Crop Lien System
System that allowed farmers to get more credit. They used harvested crops to pay back their loans.
Largely former slave owners who were the bitterest opponents of the Republican program in the South. Staged a major counterrevolution to "redeem" the south by taking back southern state governments. Their foundation rested on the idea of racism and white supremacy. Redeemer governments waged and aggressive assault on African Americans.
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
The Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.
George A Custer
United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn (1839-1876)
(1876) Battle during which the Sioux Tribe defeated the U.S. Army forces led by Colonel George A. Custer.
In 1890, after killing Sitting Bull, the 7th Cavalry rounded up Sioux at this place in South Dakota and 300 Natives were murdered and only a baby survived.
Dawes Severalty Act
Bill that promised Indians tracts of land to farm in order to assimilate them into white culture. The bill was resisted, uneffective, and disastrous to Indian tribes
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
A Scottish-born American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Carnegie Steel Company in 1892. By 1901, his company dominated the American steel industry.
Banker who buys out Carnegie Steel and renames it to U.S. Steel. Was a philanthropist in a way; he gave all the money needed for WWI and was payed back.
Absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in the same level of production and sharing resources at that level
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history
National Labor Union
1866 - established by William Sylvis - first large scale US Union. Demanded 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor
An active, militant Irish organization of farmers based in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields who are believed responsible for much violence
American Federation of Labor
The first federation of labor unions in the United States. Founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886
1892 steelworker strike near Pittsburgh against the Carnegie Steel Company. Ten workers were killed in a riot when "scab" labor was brought in to force an end to the strike.
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
in Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing
a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city seeking political control by corruption and bossism
N.Y. political boss (did not hold a political office) controlled the Democratic political machine known as Tammany Hall; Stole $200 million form New York City
National Consumers League
formed in the 1890's under the leadership of Florence Kelly, attempted to mobilize the power of women as consumers to force retailers and manufacturing to improve wages and working conditions.
Writer of The Jungle - displayed the horrors of the meat packing industry in America
wrote The Awakening - book that pushed women's expanding role to the extreme
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
A philosophy which focuses only on the outcomes and effects of processes and situations.
1883 law that created a Civil Service Commission and stated that federal employees could not be required to contribute to campaign funds nor be fired for political reasons
Sherman Antitrust Act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
Interstate Commerce Act
Established the ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission) - monitors the business operation of carriers transporting goods and people between states - created to regulate railroad prices
a political approach that strives to appeal to ordinary people who feel that their concerns are disregarded by established elite groups.
an association formed by farmers in the last 1800s to make life better for farmers by sharing information about crops, prices, and supplies
A Farmers' organization founded in late 1870s; worked for lower railroad freight rates, lower interest rates, and a change in the governments tight money policy
Political issue involving the unlimited coinage of silver, supported by farmers and William Jennings Bryan
Panic of 1893
Serious economic depression beginning in 1893. Began due to rail road companies over-extending themselves, causing bank failures.
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
American policy of seeking equal trade and investment opportunities in foreign nations or regions
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
Settlement home designed as a welfare agency for needy families. It provided social and educational opportunities for working class people in the neighborhood as well as improving some of the conditions caused by poverty.
Journalists who searched for corruption in politics and big business
A movement in the late 1800s / early 1900s which emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation.
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
Robert La Follette
1855-1925. Progressive Wisconsin Senator and Governor. Staunch supporter of the Progressive movement, and vocal opponent of railroad trusts, bossism, WWI, and League of Nations.
18th Amendment -
A law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages
Nickname for the International Workers of the World labor union, headed by Daniel Haywood
head of the U.S. Forest Servic under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them
Site in Yosemite National Park - It damming in the 1920's caused major controversy among environmentalists.
Roosevelt's progressive political policy that favored heavy government intervention in order to assure social justice
Bull Moose Party
nickname for the new Progressive Party, which was formed to support Roosevelt in the election of 1912
Democrat Woodrow Wilson's political slogan in the presidential campaign of 1912; Wilson wanted to improve the banking system, lower tariffs, and, by breaking up monopolies, give small businesses freedom to compete.
Roosevelts Extension of the Monroe Doctrine
Spending money in Central America so the US could have economic influence there
Allies (Triple Alliance)
Britain, France, and Russia-USA later
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
Fourteen Points (find def in book)
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
Italian anarchists convicted and executed for murder despite scarce evidence against them
Gave women the right to vote
Term that some U.S. employers in the 1920s used to describe their policy of refusing to negotiate with unions. Demonstrated laissez-faire economics.
equality, as in amount, status, or value
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
Klu Klux Klan
A secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt to restore white supremecy in the South after the Civil War.
Scopes Monkey Trial
1925, the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism
31st President of the United States, Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
A drought in the 1930s that turned the Great Planes very dry.
the farmers, who in the Great Depression, were forced to move, many moved to Oklahoma
President of Germany who died and was replaced by Hitler
A government of all left-wing parties that took power in France in 1936 to enact social and economic reforms.
Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
Agricultural Marketing Act
Established the first major government program to help farmers maintain crop prices with a federally sponsored Farm Board that would make loans to national marking cooperatives or set up corporations to buy surpluses and raise prices. This act failed to help American farmers.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Agency established in 1932 to provide emergency relief to large businesses, insurance companies, and banks.
Group of WWI vet. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their government war bonuses in cash
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
princeton period 6
Key Terms Chapter 10 Industrial Revolution
APUSH U5 Vocab
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
1000 Common Vietnamese Words
Porter Unit 5
Porter 1st Semester Study Guide