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AP Psych: Module 55
Terms in this set (37)
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
Why is Freud so important in psychology?
first to focus clinical attention on the unconscious mind
Where and when did Freud work/live?
Austrian during the Victorian era
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing
What is the point of free association?
- Help patients discover unconscious thought and feelings that have been repressed
- it would allow him to retrace the path the patients took to get to their troubled present
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions
what we are aware of
Information that is not conscious but is retrievable into conscious awareness
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware.
Slips of the tongue that expose the unconscious
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives; operates on the pleasure principle
tendency of the id to strive for immediate gratification
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality; operates on the reality principle
satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain
the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations
the childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones
0-18 months, pleasure centers on the mouth- sucking, biting, chewing
(18-36 months) pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control
(3-6 years) pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings
a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father
counterpart to the Oedipus complex for females
6-puberty, dormant sexual feelings
(puberty on) maturation of sexual interests
the process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos
What did Freud believe most influences our developing identity, personality, and frailties?
early childhood relations- esp with our parents and caregivers
a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved
the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
retreating to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated
ex: a little boy reverts to the oral comfort of thumb sucking in the car on the way to the first day of school
switching unacceptable impulses into their opposites
ex: repressing angry feelings, a person displays exaggerated friendliness
disguising one's own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
ex: I'm not making fun of her, she's just jealous of me
offering self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening unconscious reasons for one's actions
ex: a habitual drinker says she drinks w/ her friends "just to be sociable"
shifting sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person
ex: a little girl kicks the family dog after her mother sends her to her room
transferring of unacceptable impulses into socially valued motives
ex: a man with aggressive urges joins the military
refusing to believe or even perceive painful realities
ex: a partner denies evidence of his loved one's affair
What is the most serious problem with Freud's theory?
fails to predict behaviors and traits that it attempts to explain
Is repression actually as widely used as Freud's supporters tend to think?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Psych: Module 43
AP Psych: Module 44
AP Psych: Module 37
AP Psych: Module 38
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