Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 11 Earth Science
Terms in this set (43)
0-17 km above Earth's surface, site of weather, organisms, contains most atmospheric water vapor. (temperature decreases with increasing altitude, pressure decreases)
12 to 50 km, Ozone held here, absorbs UV radiation
The layer of Earth's atmosphere immediately above the stratosphere, 50-85 km
The layer of the atmosphere between the mesosphere and exosphere, in which temperature increases as altitude increases, 85-600 km above Earth
The outer layer of the thermosphere, extending outward into space. (above 600 m)
Layer of electrically charged particles in the thermosphere that absorbs AM radio waves during the day and reflects them back at night.
The transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves
the transfer of thermal energy between objects when their atoms or molecules collide
The transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas
energy of motion
stored energy that results from the position or shape of an object
The temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees
Metric temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees
SI unit for temperature
The coldest temperature, 0 degrees Kelvin. -273 degrees Celcius
the pressure exerted on a surface by the weight of the atmosphere above the surface
mass of air molecules found within a fixed volume of air
occurs in the troposphere when temperature increases as altitude increases
amount of water vapor in the atmosphere at a given location on Earth's surface
when the amount of water vapor in a volume of air has reached the maximum amount
the amount of water vapor present in air expressed as a percentage of the amount needed for saturation at the same temperature.
the temperature to which air must be cooled at constant pressure to reach saturation
the extra thermal energy contained in water vapor compared to liquid water
the atmospheric level at which condensation occurs
a small particle in the atmosphere around which water droplets can form
occurs when an air mass is forced to rise over a topographic barrier
puffy clouds with a flat base bottom, that usually occur below 2000 m
a cloud layer that can cover much or all of the sky. Below 2000 m. Can form when fog lifts
Large clouds that often produce thunderstorms are called this. Can produce hail and tornadoes.
continuous cloud layer that is dark and is seen on days of constant rain or snow
Quite large fluffy clouds
a thick gray layer of middle level clouds, form before rainstorms
...Middle level clouds that are white or gray in color and form large, round masses or wavy rows of clouds
fluffier, high white clouds. Look like small round puffs in the sky.
thin sheets of high level clouds. Cover large parts of the sky.
Are thin wispy and form high in the sky. Fair weather days
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground.
occurs when cloud droplets collide and join together to form a larger droplet
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
Water that moves across the land surface and into streams and rivers
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Ch 11 atmosphere
Chapter 11 Atmosphere
Chapter 11 Vocabulary (Earth Science)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Unit 1/2 IM. 8th Grade
Chapter 2 8th Math
ES Chapter 29 Vocab
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Vocab Words- Mr. McMullen Science Final 2014
Earth Science Chapter 11 Vocab
ES 11-3 Vocab