49 terms

Cosmetology - Skin Care Vocabulary

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acne
skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions
albinism
congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the skin, hair and eyes
anhirdrosis
lack of perspiration, often a result of fever or cetain skin diseases
asteatosis
condition of dry scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence of sebum, caused by old age and by exposure to cold
basal cell carcinoma
most common and least severe type of skin cancer, often characterized by light or pearly nodules
bromhidrosis
foul smelling perspiration, usually noticable in the armpits or on the feet
bullae
large blister containing a watery fluid similar to a vesicle but larger
chloasma
characterized by increased pigmentation on the skin, in spots that are not elevated
comedone
blackhead; worm like mass of hardened sebum in a hair follicle
crust
dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing; an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material
cyst
closed abnormally developed sac, containing fluid, semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin
dermatitis
inflammatory condition of the skin
dermatitis venenata
an eruptive skin infection caused by contact with irritating substances such as chemicals or tints
eczema
inflammatory painful itching disease of the skin acute or chronic in nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions
excoriation
skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
fissure
crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis, such as chapped hands or lips
herpes simplex
fever blister or cold sore; recurring viral infection
hyperhidrosis
excessive sweating caused by heat or general body weakness
hypertrophy
abnormal growth of skin
keloid
thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
keratoma
acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet
lentigines
technical term for freckles
lesion
injury of damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs
leukoderma
skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destorys the pigment producing cells
macule
spot or discoloration on the skin; such as a freckle
malignant melanoma
most serious form of skin cancer; often charaxterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture jagged or raised
milia
small whitish, pear like masses in the epidermis due to the rentention of sebum; also called whiteheads
miliaria rubra
prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning itching skin
mole
small brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black
nevus
smal or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries; commonly known as birthmark
papule
pimple; small circumscribed elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus
pustule
inflamed pimple containing pus
rosacea
chronic congestion appearing primarily on the cheeks and nose; characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels and the formation of papules and pustules
scale
any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry, or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff
scar or cicatrix
light colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has heled
sebaceous glands
oil glands of the skin, connected to the hair follicles
seborrhea
skin condition caused by an abnormal increase of secretion from the sebaceous glands
skin tag
a small brown or flesh colored outgrowth of the skin
squamous cell carcinoma
type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell; characterized by scaly red papules or nodules
stain
abnormal brown or wine colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape
steatoma
sebaceous cyst or fatty tumor
tan
change in pigmentation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet rays
tubercle
abnormal rounded, soild lump above, within or under the skin; larger than a papule
tumor
a swelling; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells, varying in size, shape and color
ulcer
open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth
verruca
technical term for wart
vesicle
small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis
vitiligo
milky white spots of the skin, acquired condition
wheal
itchy swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow, the bite of an insect, or a sting