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Survey of U.S History II midterm
Terms in this set (20)
Food and Drug Administration
On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat sank the British liner Lusitania off the coast if Ireland. Among the 1,198 people who died were 128 American citizens. The ship was, in fact, carrying war materials, and passengers had been warned about a possible attack.The American press deemed the act barbaric.
War Industries Board
Established in 1917 by President Wilson as a clearinghouse for industrial mobilization to support the war effort. The WIB had to balance price controls against war profits. Only by ensuring a fair rate of return on investment could encourage stepped up production.
An advocate for improving the lives of women and children. (Social Welfare). She was appointed chief inspector of factories in Illinois. She helped win passage of the Illinois factory act in 1893 which prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours.
White Man's Burden
The White Man's Burden was to civilize the Phillipinos, African Americans, and the Native Americans.
Founded after World War I, Tuskeegee Institute is an all black college. 1881
Offered the first incentive to prospective white farmers. The act granted a quarter secton (160 acres) of public domain free to settkers who lived on the land for at least 5 years and improved it; or could buy land for $1. 25 per acre after only six months of residency.
Chinese term for north america, esp. CA because of gold rush
a refined blast furnace built by Henry Bessemer in 1856/made it possible to produce steel cheaply and in large quantities/steel replaced iron in tools, machines, and high strength structures
"The Richest Man in the World". Built a steel empire. A genius at vertical integration, he undercut his competitors by using the latest technology and designing his own system of cost analysis. By 1900, Carnagie managed the most efficient steel mills in the world, which accounted for 1/3 of the nation's output. When he sold his personal shares to J.P Morgan, his personal cut was $225 million.
Demanded, among other things, the abolition of national banks, a graduated income tax, free and unlimited coinage of silver, the establishment of sub treasuries where farmers could obtain money at less than 2 percent on nonperishable products, and the election of U.S. senators by a direct vote of the people.
Buck v Bell
(1927), was the United States Supreme Court ruling that upheld a statute instituting compulsory sterilization of the unfit, including the mentally retarded, "for the protection and health of the state." It was largely seen as an endorsement of negative eugenics—the attempt to improve the human race by eliminating "defectives" from the gene pool.
Filipino freedon fighter who helped the US capture Manila in 1898, and later led the rebellion against US rule
How the Other Half Lives
A book by John Riis that told the public about the lives of the immigrants and those who live in the tenements
absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in all aspects of a product's manufacture from raw materials to distribution
The liability of a firm's owners for no more than the capital they have invested in the firm
Muller V Oregon
1908 - Supreme Court upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
April 1896 - U.S. declared Cuba free from Spain, but the Teller Amendment disclaimed any American intention to annex Cuba.
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
A labor union, consisting of African Americans, Immigrants and women, considered radical by many, that was organized in 1905 in Chicago
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