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Politics of the United States
POLITICAL SCIENCE 110 EXAM 2
Federalist Papers unit
Terms in this set (19)
The choice Hamilton gives us is in federalist paper #1 to create our own government or have one force upon us. Keep an open mind.
Treaties with the U.S., England, and Spain are being ignored. We must prevent war and peace by having a strong national government.
What is the important question in FP 1 and 3?
Are societies capable of establishing a good government on their own, or do they need conquest and outside forces to establish something for them? Moderation means having an open mind.
FP 15, 22, 23
The Articles of Confederation have failed. The national government should have power over people. The national government requires sufficient power to fulfill its duties.
Bad maxims: "Imperium in imperio" "Where annual elections end, tyranny begins."
What was "the great and radical vice" in the design of the Articles of Confederation according to Alexander Hamilton?
The problem was that the central government was unable to effectively exercise power over the state governments.
Problems of the Articles of Confederation:
1. no ability to tax
2. no ability to form military
3. owe debts to foreign nations and colonists
2. interstate commerce (tariff battles)
3 Inherent difficulties of true understanding:
1. Balancing stability and energy in government with liberty and republican form of government.
Stability and energy = Government control.
Liberty & Republican Government = elections and republican government.
2. Marking the proper boundary between national and state government powers.
3. Interfering prejudices of the different states.
Balance of Liberty and Stability:
We need leaders who depend on the people, and those leaders should stay constant for a long period of time.
Problems of knowing -- three sources of vague and incorrect definitions:
Nature is not easily understood
Human mind cannot grasp everything
Language cannot convey everything
Problem: factions. Interest groups don't help the public.
Cause of factions: "Liberty is to faction as air is to fire".
Solution: Eliminate the causes of faction. Eliminate liberty or make everything equal
Since we can't eliminate the factions, we must control the effects of the faction:
1. Enlarge the pool (pool = electoral district)
Bigger pool of people to draw from = better representatives
2. Extend the sphere. Extended republic = multiply the faction.
Why will increasing the size of the republic
("distance") help secure the public good and individual liberties?
It will "refine and enlarge the public views." and it will permit the passions of the public to dissipate before their translation into policy.
People are going to prefer their state governments over a national government because of the following reasons:
1. Proximity - We tend to associate with the people who are like us
2. Safety and Security - The state makes the decisions of how fast you can drive, what signs are up, etc. The police that help us are state-run. National police have a very limited role in what they can do.
3. The states won't perform very well, because the best people work for the federal government. The state workers are the "second stringers". The federal government will often prevail.
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Powers of National Government
War & Peace
Powers of State Government
(aka police powers):
Is the Constitution national or federal? Federal
House of Representatives based on equal representation of the people? National
Senate based on states which are equally represented there? Federal
President based on the electoral college? National and federal
Madison thinks the judiciary is responsible for decisions, Hamilton thinks people are responsible. Both of them are right.
An intergovernmental dispute between the governments will
be resolved by:
Hamilton: the people
Madison: the Supreme Court of the United States
Five Advantages of Federalism:
1. Reduces the likelihood of tyranny
2. Citizens are provided with multiple points of political access
3. The enriched political education of
4. Enables America to mount a strong
national defense, yet continue to attend to the more mundane details of domestic matters.
5. The making of better laws
Four Potential Dangers of Federalism:
1. Confusion in emergencies over who's in charge
2. Frequent conflict of laws
3. Cutthroat competition between local governments
Sets with similar terms
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