22 terms

reproduction

STUDY
PLAY
pollination
the transfer of pollen from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures in plants
reproduction
production of offspring by an organism; a characteristic of all living things
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
production of offspring through meiosis and the union of a sperm and an egg
offspring
new organisms produced by a living thing
binary fission
form of asexual reproduction in which one cell splits into two.
Ex: bacteria
budding
form of asexual reproduction.
Ex: Yeast
regeneration
replacement of destroyed tissue/body part with the same kind of tissue
fertilization
the process in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to form a new organism
egg
Female sex cell, female gamete
sperm
Male sex cell, male gamete
sex cells
special cells that contain half the number of chromosomes as body cells, gametes, sperm & egg
meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms. Contains 1/2 the chromosomes of the parent cell. Makes Sex Cells (gametes) Egg & Sperm
zygote
fertilized egg cell
mitosis
cells dividing into two new IDENTICAL cells (daughter cells) Makes Body Cells
grafting
a form of artificial asexual reproduction in which the branch of one plant is inserted into the stem of another plant
stamen
the male reproductive organ of a flower
pistil
The female reproductive part of a flower
pollen
A fine dust that contains the sperm of seed-producing plants
seed
the plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering
internal fertilization
Process in which eggs are fertilized inside the female's body (mammals)
external fertilization
the process by which the female lays eggs and the male fertilizes them once they are outside of the female (fish, frogs, etc)
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