Terms in this set (43)
Art that is portable: upper paleolithic: ex Venus figurines, animal carvings, bone and antler carvings
art executed on permanent features such as cave walls, rock shelters, and large blocks of rock
A small molded or sculptured figure; a statuette; a small carved or molded figure
Painting not the object, but the space surrounding it.
made from a photographic negative, the areas with high level energy are light while, those that emit little energy are dark
Having one color
having two colors
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally
when placement/creation of form conforms to shape/color of surface contours
post and lintel
a structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel)
first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
A composition or arrangement that is symmetrical on either side of a (often larger) central figure.
Assyrian guardian in the form of a man-headed winged bull. Warded off all enemies. They are high relief on adjacent sides of a corner. The front view is in rest while the side view is in motion. Is a conceptual view as it actually stands in place. Limestone (720 B.C.) mesoptamia; gate of sargon II
They held most political power in Sumerian city states during the Uruk period (c.4100-2900 BCE).
a series of bands in a pictorial narrative
A massive pyramidal stepped tower made of mud bricks. It is associated with religious complexes in ancient Mesopotamian cities, but its function is unknown.
In sculpture, figures projecting from a background of which they are part (variations are refer to as high, low or sunken).
hierarchy of scale
a system of representation that expresses a person's importance by the size of his or her representation in a work of art
A stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscriptions or reliefs. Used as a grave marker or memorial.
Portrayal of the same figure or character at different stages in a story that is depicted in a single artistic space
built into the pyramids because they gave the pharaohs huge boats to use in the afterlife (all of their possessions were buried with them)
In Egypt it is usually seen as a huge statue with the body of a lion and a head of a man, representing the sun god Ra.
Determines what you come back as, deeds and actions determines your reincarnation, what goes around comes around, build your next life
Large-scale tomb sculptures that were intended to house the spirit of the deceased if mummification failed were known as ____. statue that serves as a resting place for a pharaoh's spirit USER-CONTRIBUTED
system of wrighting that uses small pictures to represent sounds or words
Images or image patterns with specific connotations or meanings.
An ancient Egyptian mudbrick tomb with a rectangular base and sloping sides and flat roof.
a precursor to the pyramid type at Gizeh that had steps with each consecutive one smaller than the previous.
A pyramid that has a square base, and four triangular faces that come up to a point at the top of the entire structure. It has flat sides, unlike the step pyramid.
sunken relief sculpture
the image is carved into the stone or material, creating in effect a negative
sculpture that is created by removing media (example: Woman of Willandorf)
A kind of sculpture technique in which materials (for example, clay) are built up or "added" to create form.
Highly finished, precisely cut blocks of stone laid in even courses, creating a uniform face with fine joints. often used as a facing on the visible exterior of a building, especially as a veneer for the facade. also called ashlar.
A painting technique in which water-based pigments are applied to a surface of wet plaster.
An ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water
ornamentation of interlocking geometric motifs—usually straight lines joined at right angles
figural and ornamental motifs were applied with a slip that turned black during firing.
In later Greek pottery, the silhouetting of red figures against a black background, with painted linear details; the reverse of the black-figure technique.the decorative motifs remained the color of the clay
clay in a more liquid form
Greek word for "male youth." An Archaic Greek statue of a standing, nude youth. 600bce
The smile that appears on all Archaic Greek statues from about 570 to 480 BCE. The smile is the Archaic sculptor's way of indicating that the person portrayed is alive.
("counterbalance") It is the graceful arrangement of the body based on tilted shoulders and hips, one bent knee, and all the weight of the body placed on the "engaged" leg. Alternating parts of the body flexed and relaxed. It is a method developed by the Greeks to represent freedom of movement.