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Terms in this set (25)
in contemporary psychology, assumed to be the center of personality, the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions
a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
general intelligence (g)
a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and others, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person's total score.
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions
a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance
the widely used American revision (by Terman at Stanford University) of Binet's original intelligence test.
intelligence quotient (IQ)
defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 [thus, IQ = (ma/ca) x 100]. On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100.
a test designed to assess what a person has learned
a test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learning
most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance subtests
defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group
the extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, on alternate forms of the test, or on retesting
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to
the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest
The success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior.
(formerly referred to as mental retardation) a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound.
a condition of intellectual disability and associated physical disorders caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21.
a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital.
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
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