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25 terms

Bible Study Guide

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Moksha
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths., union with Brahman (Enlightenment)
Nirvana
in Buddhism, the release from pain and suffering achieved after enlightenment
Dukkha
suffering is a part of the human condition
Samsura
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the endless cycle of birth and suffering and death and rebirth, reincarrination cycle
How many gods do they have in Hinduism?
330 million
How is the Hindu most prayed to?
Ganesh
What are the 4 Vedas
Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and the Atharva Veda
Rig Veda
It means "royal knowledge" and pertained to the caste system
Sama Veda
hymns and chants
Yajur Veda
sacraficial formulas, a collection of mostly prose sacrificial formulas used by the presiding priest in a sacrifice
Atharva Veda
magical formulae and mantras, spells and incantations
Caste System
System in India that gives every Indian a particular place in the social hierarchy from birth. Individuals may improve the position they inherit in the caste system in their next life through their actions, or karma. After many lives of good karma, they may be relieved from cycle of life and win their place in heaven.
What are the human levels from highest to lowest in the caste system?
Priests, warrior, merchants, laborers, untouchables
What was Buddha's real name?
Siddhārtha Gautama
What caste was Siddhārtha Gautama born to?
warrior prince
What did Siddhārtha Gautama name his son?
Rahula - which means "Shackles"
What did Siddhārtha Gautama become after he left the palace?
a Hindu priest
What was the turning point that caused Siddhārtha Gautama to forsake Hinduism?
when he almost drowned in a river from not eating well and realized he would never reach enlightenment
What did Siddhārtha Gautama do to reach enlightenment?
sat and meditated under a fig tree for 7 days
Where did Siddhārtha Gautama preach his first sermon?
Deer Park
Who are the 3 main gods of Hinduism?
Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva the destroyer
What is the Hindu equivalent of the New Testament?
Upanishads
What is the Hindu written response to Buddhism?
Bhagavad Gītā
Dharma
the religious and moral duties of Hindus
Karma
In Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life