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exam 2 poli sci set 2
Terms in this set (49)
1.) he is the President of the Senate but will have no vote unless the Senate is equally divided (used as a tie breaker)
2.) the President Pro Temp chosen by the Senate
1.) What does Article 1 Section 3, Paragraph 4 state that the U.S. VP's responsibility in the Senate is?
2.) Who serves as the Senate President if the VP is unavailable for any reason?
1.) the Senate determines innocence or guilt and only they can try impeached officials; they also take an oath of affirmation
2.) the Supreme Justice of the Court presides over the Senate instead of the VP to reduce bias
3.) 2/3 majority of the Senate members PRESENT, not 2/3 of the MEMBERSHIP
1.) What does Article 1 Section 3, Paragraph 5 state about the Senate's role in impeachment?
2.) Who presides over an impeachment trial of the President?
3.) What is the impeachment requirement?
officials that are found guilty of impeachment are they must immediately be removed from office and will never be able to work in politics again; also allows for justice to be done (possible jail time depending on what they were impeached for)
elections to Congress
What does Article 1 Section 4 refer to?
1.) they can choose the place, time, and manner of elections, but Congress has the ability to step in and change any of their rules if they are not in compliance with federal law (*exception--when choosing Senators, because at the time state legislatures chose Senators)
2.) once every year on the first Monday of December unless Congress changes it by law (20th Amendment changed this date to Jan. 3rd)
1.) What does Article 1 Section 4, Paragraph 1 state about the state legislature (and the exception to it)?
2.) When does it state that all of Congress shall meet?
each chamber can determine the rules for their meetings and can punish its members according to the Constitution (expulsion with majority ruling)
1.) each chamber may keep a journal of its meetings and have them published (Congressional Record)
2.) chambers can force a roll call vote (only takes 1/5--or 20%--of attendance to force this)
1.) What does Article 1 Section 5, Paragraph 3 state about each chamber's record-keeping?
2.) What does it say about roll call?
1.) neither chamber can adjourn for more than 3 days without the other chamber's permission
2.) only place that business can be conducted is in their specific chamber in the capitol
1.) What does Article 1 Section 5, Paragraph 4 state about adjourning?
2.) What does it state about where business can be conducted?
1.) each chamber decides how much their members get paid, which comes from the Treasury Dept.; they MUST accept their paychecks and raises
2.) prosecuted for saying treasonous things, committing a felony, and breaching the peace
states that members of Congress cannot hold another political office at the same time
a bill (proposed law) can be introduced in either the House or the Senate (
--any bill related to tax must be introduced in the House first because they are considered to be the closest to the people)
1.) must go to the President for approval, and if it is vetoed with an explanation, it goes back to the chamber it originated in for a 2/3 majority vote to override in both chambers
2.) roll call
3.) if no decision has taken place by the President with more than 10 days (not counting Sunday) left in the session, the bill automatically becomes a law, but if there is no action taken on a bill with less than 10 days left in the session, it dies
1.) What doe Article 1 Section 7, Paragraph 2 state about every bill that passes both chambers?
2.) What does it say about how votes are received?
3.) What does it state about the timing of the President signing it?
the powers given to Congress by the Constitution
Congress has the power to create and collect taxes (duties and imposts) and pay the debts of the U.S.
Congress has the power of the ____________.
Congress has the power to borrow money on the credit of the U.S.
Congress has the power to regulate commerce between individual (several) states, foreign nations, and the Indian tribes
Congress has the power to establish a uniform law on naturalization (legalization of a citizen) and bankruptcies (federal laws--states have no say in this)
Congress has the power to coin, print, and regulate the value of money
Congress has the power to punish (create the laws that govern) those who counterfeit money
Congress has the power to establish post offices and postal roads
Congress has the power to create laws regarding copyrights and trademarks for authors and inventors for a limited amount of time
Congress has the power to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court (create smaller courts than the Supreme Court)
courts within the lowest tier of the three-tiered federal court system where federal crimes are put on trial
U.S. District Courts
ARTICLE 1 COURT not by name
where appeared federal crimes are put to trial
U.S. Courts of Appeal
ARTICLE 3 COURT by name
where appealed federal crimes x2 are put to trial
U.S. Supreme Court
Congress has the power to punish piracy and federal crimes committed overseas
Congress has the power to declare war, to grant letters of mark and reprisal (gives constitutional rights to arm ships, possibly private, and allows the to search for + attack ONLY the enemy--called privateers), and to make rules concerning captures of land and water
Congress has the power to create and maintain a navy
Congress has the power to make rules over the regulation of the land and naval forces
Congress has the power to call up a militia and reserves for militia to execute the laws of the land, to suppress insurrection, and to repel invasions
Actual Quiz--TRUE OR FALSE?
The U.S. House impeaches, and the U.S. Senate conducts the impeachment trial.
Only the Congress creates legislation.
Each chamber of Congress disciplines or expels its own members.
Free political speech is guaranteed to members of the Congress, but with the same limitations imposed on all American citizens.
Any bill may be introduced into either chamber of the Congress.
If 10 or more days (excluding Sundays) remain in a Congressional session and a bill approved by the Congress remains on the President's desk without his signature, it becomes a law.
The Congress has what is referred to as "the power of the purse."
The Congress may override a Presidential veto with a 2/3 majority in both chambers.
Each state government creates its own bankruptcy laws.
Intrastate commerce is commerce (business) that occurs within the boundaries of one and only one state. The Congress has the constitutional power to regulate such business.
The Legislative branch not only creates taxes, but collects them as well.
The Legislative branch creates the rules for minting coins, but the Executive branch creates the rules for printing paper money.
The Congress makes and enforces the anti-counterfeiting laws.
Courts such as Federal District courts and Federal Courts of Appeal are constitutional although they were not created by name in the Constitution.
Federal District courts and Federal Courts of Appeal are both referred to as "Article Three" courts.
Many of today's Interstate highways were initially created as Post Roads.
Individual states create their own copyright and patent laws.
The state in which an immigrant lives determines the rules for citizenship.
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