Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (68)
This decision of the Supreme Court upheld the principle that
Congress has the power to make laws to carry out its constitutional duties
Which of the following resulted from this Supreme Court decision?
The power of the national government was strengthened.
Which of the following best defines the constitutional interpretation of federalism?
The federal government and the states have separate but overlapping powers; where these powers conflict the federal government prevails.
Interpretations of this clause have been central to attempts to define the nature of which of the following aspects of the United States political system?
The practical effect of this clause has been to
b. allow the national government to extend its powers beyond those enumerated in the
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution has been interpreted by the Supreme
make most rights contained in the Bill of Rights applicable to the states
All of the following are consequences of the federal system in the United States EXCEPT
a strict division of power among levels of government
In contrast to revenue sharing, categorical grants-in-aid provide state and local
funds to administer programs clearly specified by the federal government
Which of the following was an argument used by the Supreme Court in upholding federal
statutes outlawing segregation in public accommodations?
Such segregation affected interstate commerce, and Congress therefore had the authority to outlaw it
In a federal system of government, political power is primarily
divided between the central government and regional governments
Discrimination in public accommodations was made illegal in the United States as a direct
result of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Most of the individual protections of the Bill of Rights now apply to the states because of the Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution's
In McCulloch v Maryland, the Supreme Court established which of the following principles?
States cannot interfere with or tax the legitimate activities of the federal government.
Diversity of public policy throughout the United States is primarily a consequence of
The "Miranda warning" represents an attempt to protect criminal suspects against
unfair police interrogation
The reserved powers of the state governments can best be described as those powers
not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states
Which doctrine held that though the national government was supreme in its sphere, the
states were equally supreme in theirs?
What type of grant is for one specific purpose?
The increased role of non-profit organizations and private groups in policy implementation is
referred to as
Federalism was one device whereby personal liberty was to be protected.
One of the attractive features of federal grant money in aid was that it was seen as 'free
Until the 1960s, most federal grants-in-aid were conceived by or in cooperation with the
states and were designed to serve essentially state purposes.
By far, the most important restrictions on state action are the restrictions attached to the
grants the states receive.
The doctrine of dual sovereignty is essentially dead.
local laws are known as
A home-rule charter refers to state and local government relations.
refers to those laws and regulations, not otherwise unconstitutional, that promote
health, safety and morals.
is a procedure, in effect in about one-third of the states, whereby voters can remove
an elected official from office.
Federalism can have benefits of
all of the above
An economic system where the government largely stays out of economic affairs is
An economic system where the government may take over certain sectors of the economy
to correct economic inequalities or other problems is
The United States has a
a mixed economy
The framers of the Constitution all believed that one of the primary functions of government
protecting individual property rights
Registered voters directly elect which of the following?
III and IV
The importance of Shay's Rebellion to the development of the United States Constitution
was that it
indicated that a strong, constitutionally designed national government was needed to protect property and maintain order
is the ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first
The idea that man as a "political animal" is a "social being" is most associated with
The English Bill of Rights of 1689
both c and d
The Social Contract is between the subjects and the sovereign.
When Jefferson said "we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our
sacred honor", his reason for saying this was because
the signers of the Declaration of Independence were traitors to the British
Great Britain has a ____ system
Article I of the Constitution is concerned with
The framers of the Constitution could best be described as
The "colonial mind" could best be described as
wary of power
A Bill of Attainder says that you can be charged with a crime retroactive of the passage of a
When the Senate acts as a court to try impeachments, the presiding officer is the
This case emphasized that the term "contract" referred to transactions involving
individual property rights, not to "the political relations between the government
and its citizens." It established national supremacy in the "contract clause" of
Article I, Section 10.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
was a case in which the Supreme Court held that the power to regulate interstate
navigation was granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the Constitution.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
said that state governments were to be exempted from the Bill of Rights.
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
was a historically important case argued before the Supreme Court in which the Court
Gitow V New York
In _____ the Court brushed aside the First Amendment issue and declared that "all
evidence obtained by searches and seizures in violation of the Constitution is, by [the
Fourth Amendment], inadmissible in a state court.
Mapp V Ohio
In ______ the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required by the Sixth
and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution to provide lawyers in criminal cases
for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
The activities of the Federal Reserve Board have the most direct influence on
bank interest rates
The federal Constitution guarantees all of the following rights to a person arrested and
charged with a serious crime EXCEPT the right to
negotiate a plea agreement
All of the following statements reflect positions the Supreme Court has taken with regard to
the right of free speech EXCEPT:
There are no acceptable governmental restrictions on free speech.
Which of the following Supreme Court cases involved the principle of "one man, one vote"?
a. Baker v. Carr
To enforce the Fourteenth Amendment more clearly, Congress passed the
a. Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Office of Management and Budget has the primary responsibility for which of the
Preparing the Budget
The boundary lines of congressional districts are drawn by
Which of the following is empowered to create new federal courts and specify the number of
judges who will sit on them?
The clear-and-present-danger test devised by the Supreme Court was designed to define
the conditions under which public authorities could
limit free speech
The Supreme Court's decision about abortion in Roe v. Wade was based on
the right to privacy implied in the Bill of Rights
Protection of the legal rights of women has been facilitated by the passage of which of the
II, III, and IV only
Which of the following is true about the right of free speech, as currently interpreted by the
It protects the right to express opinions even without the actual use of words.
Decisions reached by the Supreme Court under the leadership of Chief Justice Earl Warren
(1953-1969) did all of the following EXCEPT
invalidate state abortion statutes
Which of the following form an "iron triangle"?
Executive department, Congressional committee, interest group
The establishment clause of the First Amendment does which of the following?
Prohibits the setting up of a state church
Griswold v. Connecticut and Roe v. Wade are similar Supreme Court cases in that both
cases are based on the
right of privacy
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
PSC 101 Exam 1
ch 16 AP gov
Ap Gov Exam
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
calc unit 2