23 terms

American History Ch. 5

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Terms in this set (...)

Treaty of Fort Laramie
the treaty requiring the Sioux to live on a reservation along the Missouri River
Sand Creek Massacre
the attack at Sand Creek killed over 150 inhabitants, mostly women and children
Battle at Wounded Knee
the massacre by U.S. Soldiers of 300 unarmed Native Americans at Wounded Knee, Creek, South Dakota in 1890
Exodusters
an African American who migrated from the South to Kansas in the post-reconstruction years
bonanza farming
an enormous farm on which a single crop is grown
Panic of 1893
the gold supply was running thing so people panicked and traded paper money for gold, prices of stocks fell rapidly, silver mines closed
vaquero
the influence of cowboy's cloths, food, and vocabulary
Assimilation
a minority group's adoption of the beliefs and way of life of the dominant culture
soddy
a home built of blocks of turf
Oliver Hudson Kelley
started the patrons of Husbandry, an organization for farmers that became popularly known as the Grange
Dawes Act
a law that was intended to "Americanize" Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individual owners
Morrill Act
laws enacted to help create agricultural colleges by giving federal land to states
bimetallism
the use of both gold and silver as a basis for a national monetary system
Homestead Act
provided 160 in the West to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of household and would cultivate the land for five years
George A. Custer
reported that the Black Hills had a gold and a gold rush was on. Him and his troops went to Little Bighorn River and were killed when they got there
Grange
social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century (patrons of husbandry)
Populism
political movement demanding that people have a greater voice in government and seeking to advance the interest of farmers and laborers
William McKinley
nominated for the Republican Party for president
silverites
those who favored bimetallism (government would trade gold and silver to citizen for paper currency or checks)
Chisholm Trail
the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas through Oklahoma to Kansas
What are some of the main reasons that the federal government's policy of assimilation failed?
When whites had taken over about 2/3's of the territory that had been set aside for Native Americans, and the native americans received no money from the sale of these lands. The most significant was the destruction of the buffalo, and this destroyed the plains indians' main source of food, clothing, shelter, and fuel
What are some of the reasons that the Populist Party appealed to so many in the 1800s?
It included an increase in the money supply, which would produce a rise in prices received for goods and services; a graduated income tax; and a federal loan program
What were some of the hardships that frontier farmers faced in the mid to late 1800s?
crop prices were falling, debt increased, mortgages were being foreclosed by banks, the price of a bushel of wheat fell from $2.oo to 68 cents, railroads conspired to keep transport costs artificially high, farmers got caught in a cycle of debt