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Deaf History- Exam 1
Terms in this set (52)
What is the earliest known record related to deaf people?
Which year was the Ebers Papyrus produced?
Around 1550 BC
Who said "indirectly...hearing...contributes most to the growth of intelligence."
What is the main point of the story about Croesus and his deaf son?
The deaf son being shocked into acquiring speech
It is said that Deaf people were involved in building the Titanic
After the first deaf person appeared, how often have Deaf people appeared in history?
Everywhere, ever since
Where did Fray Pedro Ponce de Leon teach deaf children?
Who were Fray Pedro Ponce de Leon's first deaf student(s)>
Francisco and Pedro de Velasco
According to APOTO, what are the names of the earliest known teacher and deaf student in today's United States?
John Harrower & John Edge
Were St. Augustine's comments about Deaf people properly understood throughout history?
No- they were taken out of context
What is most significant about the Gaudy brothers?
Framlingham's will is the oldest known Deaf-written document
Why is the Ottoman empire's Topkapi palace significant in Deaf history?
- Deaf people worked in the Sultan's innermost court
- A small Deaf community was formed of Deaf servants
-Ixarette (a signed language) was used by Deaf servants
What year was the American School for the Deaf (ASD) founded?
Who were the three founders of ASD?
Laurent Clerc, Thomas H. Gallaudet, and Mason Cogswell
Why did Thomas H. Gallaudet not learn Deaf education methods from the Braidwoods?
The Braidwoods insisted on secrecy and a multi-year apprenticeship
Who invited Thomas H. Gallaudet to Paris to learn Deaf Education methods?
Which boat did Thomas H. Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc ride to the United States?
Where and when was the Cobbs school?
Virginia, March 1815-Fall1816
One of your assigned homework readings was about life at which state's Deaf school?
Forbidden Signs argues there are two turning points in 1900s American Deaf history which are:
ASD's founding and the rise of the oralist movement
Forbidden Signs describes two main groups affecting Deaf education in the US which are:
Manualists & Oralists
Which point from Forbidden Signs is false?
1. Manualists viewed signing as a gift from God
2. Oralists equated speech with humanity and life
3. Oralists considered signing as animal-like and undesirable
4. Manualists viewed speech as a gift from God
Who is Etienne de Fay?
The earliest known deaf teacher of deaf children
Where did Etienne de Fay teach his deaf students?
Chapter 3 in Forbidden Signs points out that as oralism rose:
-More women teachers were hired
-Growing numbers of Deaf teachers lost their jobs
-Day schools proliferated and spread oralism
A unique community of signing Deaf and hearing people was at:
Martha's Vineyard, MA
Where was John Braidwood's short-lived deaf school?
Which family established the Cobbs school for their Deaf children?
What is Abbe de I'Epee known for?
Establishing the first-ever free, public Deaf school
Where did Abbe de I'Epee found his school for deaf children?
Where did Thomas Braidwood establish his deaf school?
When were Abbe de I'Epee & Thomas Braidwood's schools established?
Where was ASD founded?
Who was the first student enrolled at ASD?
What did John Flournoy propose?
Creating a Deaf state in the American West
What is Samuel Heinicke known for?
Being a die-hard oralist & spreading Oralism
Where was Samuel Heinicke's school for deaf children?
Who was Abbe de I'Epee successor as director of INJS in Paris?
Who is Laurent Clerc?
-The first Deaf teacher in the US
-A Deaf Frenchman educated at the Paris school
-A found of American School for the Deaf
Who is Jean Massieu?
The earliest known deaf teacher at a Deaf school
What was exceptional about Roch-Ambroise Bebian?
Ivan K. Amol'd
Who is Pierre Desloges?
The earliest known Deaf author of a published book
How did Deaf schools generally spread geographically through the U.S.?
East to West
Where were the Black Deaf segregated schools in the U.S.?
Why did oralists establish many day schools for Deaf children in the U.S.?
-To limit students' exposure to deaf peers
-To prevent students' signing and Deaf identity development
-To focus students on speech acquisition at school and home
Who is Eduard Huet?
A French-born Deaf teacher who helped found Deaf schools in Brazil & Mexico
Who are Carl Oscar Malm and Andreas Christian Moller?
Two of the earliest Deaf founders of Deaf schools in Europe
What is significant about the first Deaf school Canon P.J. Triest founded in Belgium?
It was a school specifically for Deaf girls
Which country, instead of the U.S., did Laurent Clerc almost go to help found a Deaf school?
Where did Dowager Empress (Queen Mother) Maria Feodorovna found the first Russian Deaf school?
Where did Thomas Brown (and an early Deaf community) live?
Who is said to be the earliest Deaf person living on Martha's Vineyard?
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