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Immigration and Urbanization
The Gilded Age, Immigration and Urbanization
Terms in this set (23)
East Coast immigration station in New York Harbor through which millions of European immigrants passed
West Coast immigration station in San Francisco Bay through which most Asian immigrants passed
a mixture of people of different cultures and races who blended together by abandoning their native languages and customs
overt favoritism toward native-born Americans; some Americans reacted unfavorably to larger numbers of immigrants with nativism
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 act of Congress that banned entry to all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists and government officials.
Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907-1908
agreement by Japan to limit emigration of unskilled workers to the U.S. in exchange for the repeal of the San Francisco segregation order
growth of cities
social campaign designed to assimilate people of wide-ranging cultures into the dominant culture.
multifamily urban dwellings that were overcrowded and unsanitary
transportation systems designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes; mass transit enabled workers to go to and from jobs more easily
Social Gospel movement
early reform program that preached salvation through service to the poor
community centers in slum neighborhoods that provided assistance to people in the area, especially immigrants
One of the most influential leaders of the settlement house movement; co-founded Chicago's Hull House in 1889
an organized group that controlled the activities of a political party in a city, and offered services to voters and businesses in exchange for political or financial support.
the illegal use of political influence for personal gain
William M. Tweed - head of Tammany Hall, New York City's powerful Democratic political machine
illegal use of official position to obtain property or funds
giving of government jobs to people who helped a candidate get elected
government adminstration; reformers wanted civil service jobs to go to those who were most qualified
Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883
authorized a bipartisan civil service commission to make appointments to federal jos through a merit system based on candidates performance on an examination.
Relating to the country or farming
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
a severe shortage of food that caused many immigrants to travel to America.