Upgrade to remove ads
Politics of the United States
Political Science Chapter 14 Review
Terms in this set (50)
We are under a Constitution, but the Constitution is what the judges say it is."
A writ of certiorari
is an order for a lower court to send a case to the Supreme Court.
According to Alexander Hamilton's Federalist #78, the Federal Courts
Should be considered to be the least dangerous branch of government, and the guardian of the constitution
Which of the following defines stare decisis?
Let the decision stand from the lower courts
Which of the following explains original jurisdiction best?
Which court gets the right or ability to hear the case first
The United States has _______ federal circuit courts?
All of the following are checks by either of the legislative or executive branch on the Supreme Court EXCEPT:
The President may remove a justice from office, as long as both houses of Congress approve.
Which of the following cases granted the courts the power of Judicial Review?
Marbury v. Madison
Which of the following has the most influence on the Presidents selection of federal judges for district courts?
the senior senator from the President's party in the state where the court is located. (senatorial courtesy)
What does it mean when the Supreme Court issues multiple "concurring opinions"?
While some justices agree with the Courts' decisions, other justices base their agreement for different reasons than are stated in the majority opinion.
The Judiciary Act of 1789 established
A three tier system of the Federal Courts.
"The Constitution is not an empty bottle......it is like a statute, and the meaning doesn't change."
Using the power of judicial review, the Supreme Court can do all of the following EXCEPT:
overturn a Constitutional amendment as a violation of civil rights.
Justice Clarence Thomas believes that the Constitution should be interpreted according to its clearly implied language. This judicial philosophy can best be described as
All of the following are checks on the Courts by Congress EXCEPT:
Congress refuse to enforce judicial decisions.
Which of the following phrases refers to the idea that the law must be applied or practiced in a fair manner?
the due process of law
The Constitution provides that all federal judges are appointed by
the President with the confirmation of the Senate
How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
All of the following are duties of the Supreme Court justices EXCEPT:
enforcing their decisions
The first African American Supreme Court Justice was
The Supreme Court acts as a check on Congress...
by ruling on whether Congress's laws are constitutional
Dissenting opinions reflect the views of the justices on the
losing or minority side of a SC case
The President's most important influence on the Supreme Court is the power to
appoint new justices
When interpreting the law, justices must base their decisions on
The Rule of Four refers to
Four Supreme Court judges must agree in order to hear a case.
What is the best description of why the framers did not have Supreme Court judges elected?
They didn't want the judges to be subject to the political process (public opinion)
Which of the following is true of most federal judges appointed by the president?
They serve for life on good behavior
Nominations to Supreme Court must be approved by a
simple majority vote in the Senate
All of the following are check on the Courts by the Executive Branch EXCEPT:
Power to Impeach
The power that allows courts to rule on the constitutionality of laws and executive actions is called
The first women to serve on the United States Supreme Court is
Sandra Day O'Connor
In the Lilly Ledbetter v. Good Year tire company case the Supreme Court was no longer looking at the discrimination of Lilly but rather..
The 180 day statue of limitations
A statutory case in front of the Supreme Court is dealing with a interpretation of a congressional law
Another term for Appellate Courts is Circuit Courts
A strict constructionist leans more towards Judicial activism
Every state has at least one United States district court.
Very rarely does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction.
Interest Groups, Senators, the American Bar Association, and the Department of Justice are all part of the Federal Selection process of judges.
The federal courts have no policy making powers.
The United States Supreme Court has jurisdiction when two are more states are involved.
The federal appellate courts have very little appellate jurisdiction.
The Supreme Court only hears two types of cases. Constitutional or Statutory.
If you lose a Supreme Court decision in a constitutional case your only next step would be to get Congress to propose a constitutional amendment.
If you lost a statutory case you could lobby Congress to change the law or pass a new law.
Something pertaining to the US Constitution, acts of Congress, or treaties.
Prior judicial decisions that serve as a rule for settling subsequent cases of a similar nature.
Amicus Curiae Brief
"Friend of the Court"; Interested parties may file briefs or appear before the court to argue their interests orally before the court.
Legal written arguments in a case filed with a court by apart prior to a hearing or trial.
Refers to whether judicial decisions are translated into actual public policies affecting more than the immediate parties to a lawsuit.
Writ of Certiorari
A request for the Court to order up the records from a lower court to review the case.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Political Science 101 Final Study Guide
Political Science Chapter 2 Constitution
Political Science Chapter 9 Midterm Review
Political Science Midterm Chapter 1
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
marketing test 2
Exam 1 Intro to the Universe
Lifestyle Modifications in CVD