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the process of sending a nerve impulse from the central nervous system to the periphery to induce a muscle to contract
movement of the forearm to place the palm facedown; or, while non-weight bearing, a combination of dorsiflexion, eversion, and foot abduction
movement of the forearm to place the palm faceup; or, while non-weight bearing, a combination of plantar flexion, inversion, and foot adduction
the point where muscle attaches to bone; usually refers to the proximal attachment of the muscle
an overstretching (first degree), partial tearing (second degree), or complete rupture (third degree) of any component of the muscle-tendon unit
a colloquial term for pain in the leg that originate from any number of possible sources
alignment of a joint or stress to the joint that places the distal bone in a lateral direction; the "knock-kneed" position of the knee joint
alignment of a joint or stress to the joint that places the distal bone in a medial direction; the "bow-legged" position of the knee joint
anterior cruciate ligament
a ligament crossing through the knee joint that attaches from the anterior tibia to the posterior femur. the anterior cruciate ligament limits anterior movement of the tibia from the femur as well as rotation of the tibia
the muscle group in the anterior though consisting of the rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, and vastus lateralis
a muscle group in the posterios thigh consisting of the semitendinosis, semimembranosus, an biceps femoris
two flat bones that form the pelvic girdle; each consists of an ilium, pubis, and ischium
the superior border of the iliac bone; the colloquial term for a contusion to this area is hip pointer
the muscle group in the shoulder consisting of the subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor
acromioclavicular joint sprain
a sprain to the acromioclavicular or coracoclavicular ligaments of the joint formed bu the distal clavicle and the acromion process of the scapula; also known colloquially as a separated shoulder
the point where muscle attaches to bone; usually refers to the distal attachment of the muscle
the space at the base of the thumb created by the extensor pollicis longus and brevis tendons
intrinsic muscle of the thumb that include the abductor pollicis brevis, flexor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis, and the adductor pollicis.
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