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How Does Food Provide My Body With Energy Vocab.
Terms in this set (27)
something you eat that gives you energy
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce one or more different substances
A system in which no matter is allowed to enter or leave
A system in which matter can enter from or escape to the surroundings.
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied.
The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable.
In an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
Nutrients the body uses to build and maintain its cells and tissues
the starches and sugars present in foods
Nutrients that promote normal growth, give you energy, and keep your skin healthy.
the section of a DNA molecule that contains a sugar, phosphate, and a base
storage form of glucose in plants
the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.
building blocks of proteins
an energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules of fatty acid.
the combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
Enzyme in saliva that breaks the chemical bonds in starches
A compound that changes color in the presence of an acid or a base
A chemical indicator that, when added to a solution and heated, changes from blue to light green to red in the presence of increasing concentrations of sugar.
process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
an acid-base indicator named after its colour change from yellow to blue over a pH range of 6.0 to 7.6
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
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